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Etruscan Glossary CI-CV

Compilation and translations from French, Italian and Latin
by Rick Mc Callister and Silvia Mc Callister-Castillo ©1999



ci, cis, ciS "three" [am91, cb. g/lb83, mc91, mp68]
ci zathrum "twenty three" [g/lb83 79]
ci-em ce-alx "twenty seven [g/lb83 79, mc91]
literally "three from thirty" [g/lb83 79, mc91]
ci-em zathrum "seventeen [g/lb83 79]
literally "three from twenty" [g/lb83 79]
ci-Sar "thirteen" [g/lb83 79]
ciala-th, cianil, ceanuth derivatives? of ci, cis, ciS "three" [mp68]
cialx, cialxu, cealx, cealxls, celx, celx-s, celxuS, celxls "thirty" [am91, az96, g/lb83, mc91, mp68]
ciz, cizi, citz "three times" [am91, az96, g/lb83, mp68]
developed with suffix *ki-ar-k, ki-shar-k ? [er 1 Mar 99, rab 332]
see Urartean kig "three" [ag 1978]

cia "folding, flexibility" [az96]
ciana "folding, flexibility, to bend" [az96]

ciari. ciartia "dark, gloomy" [az96]

Cicero Latin name of Etruscan origin [lrp 57]

cilens deity of underworld or fate; pars hostili/pars postica [mp68: 251]
"(one who) grows, gets bigger" [az96]
see cel [az96]

cilnii family name (Latinized form?) [g/lb83 25]
cilthcva "divine patron of a sanctuary (cilth)" [mp68]

cilth "sanctuary" [mp68]

cilth, cilthva "apex" > "haruspex, fulminator" [az96]

cilva "to swell, grow, blaze" [az96]
< *glivi "swell, grow, blaze" [az96]
see Latin glisco "swell, grow, blaze" [az96]

cina "family?" [az96]

cire- male name [mc91: 102]

cisterna "cistern" [lrp 48]
Latin of Etruscan origin [lrp 48]
see Greek kiste [lrp 48]

cisuita, cisvita "belonging to the clan, community" [az96]
cisum "(part) of the family" [az96]

citia "invite, summon, order?" [az96]

citz, ciz "thrill, motion, to wake" [az96]
< *kwihwit-s [az96]

civesana "family, community, race, lineage" [az96]
see ceusn [az96]

-cla, -cleri enclitic article [mp68: 397]

cla "to manifest, show, clarify" [az96]

clan, clen, clens, clenS "son" [am91, az96, cb, lb 90, mc91, mcv 8 Nov 96, mp 68/75, EB XXII:801, g/lb83, jpm, v]
clal "lineage, clan" [az96]
clante "of the race, lineage" [az96]
clenar, clinii-ar-as, clen-ar-aSi "sons" [am91, mcv 8 Nov 96, g/lb83, mc91, mp68]
clente "adoptive son?" [g/lb83 89]
clen-si, clin-si, clen-Si "to the son" [am91]
see Latin cliens "dependent" [htm]
see Nostratic *K.ülä "community, kin" [ag 79]

Clanis "Chiana" river known for stagnant water [bm 24]
Italian from Tyrrhenian [bm 24]

Clandius Latinized name [az96: 25]

claniu "one who breaks, beats, kills" [az96]

clapithe "one who beats" > "chiacchiera?" [az96]

claruxies name [az96]
see Doric klâroukhía [az96]

clauce "blue or greenish gray" [az96]
see Latin glaucus "blue or greenish gray" [az96]

clauthiethurasi "of the Claudii family" [g/lb85: 162]

clel "to call, shout" [az96]
cletra "oracular song, shout" [az96]
clen "luminous, happy" [az96]
klenase, klen "to be happy?" [az96]
clen cexa "willingly, deservedly" [az96]
cles "celebration" < "augmentation" [az96]
clesne "extensive, large, great" [az96]
clesva "grown, developed" [az96]
cluvenia "luminous (fem.)" [az96]
< *kel [az96]

cletra, cletram "basin, basket, cart for offerings" [am91, g/lb83, mp68]
see Umbrian kletra [g/lb83, mp68]

cleva "gift, offering" [g/lb83, mcv 8 Nov 96, mp68: 409]
cluvenias "offerfeast ?" [mcv 8 Nov 96]
"oracle" [az96]
"precinct or enclosure (of Athena)" [htb]

clevana "seer, prophet" [az96]

clevsin, clevsina "Chiusi (town)" [djh 14, g/lb83]
clevsins "of/from Chiusi" [az96]
see Latin Clusium, Camars [djh 14, g/lb83]

clivinia "favor" < "propensity" [az96]

cluce, clauce "clear" [az96]

clucthra, cluctra "clarity" [az96]

clute "lame" [az96]
see Latin claudus "lame" [g/lb85: 104, mc91: 99]

cluth- "to close" [az96]
cluti- "ark, chest, box" [az96]

cluthi "drinking vessel, cup" [am91]
see *kleu-, *klu- [am91]

cluthumustha, clutmsta "Clytemnestra" [az96, g/lb83]
"Secret" [az96]
see Greek Klutaimêstra [g/lb83]

clz "development, growth, greatness, celebration" [az96]
see cles [az96]

cn, cen "this" [g/lb83 76, mc91: 50]

cnaive. cneve, cneveia, cneuna, neverna male name [az96. g/lb83]
"nobilis" [az96]
see Latin Cnaeus, Gnaeus [g/lb83]

cnare, cnareia "born, knowing, expert" [az96]
< *knatis [az96]
see Latin gnarus "knowing" [az96]

cnepni "one who thickens, condenses" [az96]

cntianth compound particle [mp68: 397]

cntnam "the same" [g/lb85: 171]

cofesi "cutter, carver" [az96: 392]

coisa- > cûra "care, cure, curate" Latin [cw 10, lb 90, mp 75, rc 74]
cûrâre, "to care for" Latin [cw 10]
of Etruscan origin?

Corioli town named after family [lrp 57]

*cott "lamb" > Chút Romansh [jr 81]
of Rhaetian origin?

cotte "cabin" French, English cottage [b/b 128]
Tyrrhenian origin?

crampa, crampe "paw, leg" [az96]

crapilu "engraver, etcher" [az96]

crap-s-ti "engraving, incision, cleft (in divinatory liver" [az96]
locative? [az96]

crapsti deity
see Umbrian deity grabouie [g/lb83 91, 85: 126]

craufa, craupania "fold" [az96]
craup-z-n- "folded, bent mace, cudgel" [az96]
< *craupsta [az96]

creals "pain, torment"
< * krakhial-? [az96]

creice "Greek" [g/lb83 65, lb/a 337, de Simone cit. az96]
"bitten, chewed" > "painful, unhappy" [de Simone cit. az96]
< *krakhi-ce [az96] see Latin Graecus [g/lb83 65, lb/a 337, de Simone cit. az96]

crenalia "animal remains" [az96]
see Latin carnalia "carnal things" [az96: 392]

crepni "growing, increasing" [az96]

crepu name [az96]
"arraffatore" [az96]
see Latinized Grebo [az96]
see Latin creber "thick, crowded" [az96]

crespe cognomen [az96, mc91: 99]
"one who wrinkles, shudders, tosses" [az96]
see Latin Crispus "curly" [mc91: 99]

cresve "membrane?" [az96]

cretlu > crthl-, crutlu, krutmu "one who walks, advances, heavy" [az96]

cripe "handle, grip" [az96]

crisitha "shock, jerk, disturbance" [az96]
crisu "disturbed, moved" > "busied" [az96]

crucra "torment, pain" > "cross" [az96]
see Latin crux "cross" [az96]

cruisie "accumulator, increaser" [az96]
see Greek Kroîosos [az96]

crûmina "small purse" Latin of Etruscan origin [lrp 48]
see Greek grumeá [lrp 48]

crunsle, crusle "striker, slasher" [az96]

-cs-treS enclitic article [mp68: 397]

cuciie "existing" [az96]

cuclni family name [g/lb83 71]

cuclnie "circular, cyclical" [az96]
cuclu "(pertaining) to the circle, cycle" [az96]

cucu "light (lume)" [az96]

cuie "prudence" [az96]

cuinte male name [g/lb83 57]
see Latin Quintus [g/lb83 57]

culixna, xuxlixna, culcna "cup, drinking tumbler, little kylix" [az96, g/lb83, mp68, pa]
see Greek kulíxna, kylix [az96, g/lb83, mp68]

culpiu "one who engraves, sculpts" [az96]

culs, culsu female underworld demon associated with Xarun & Tuxulxa [g/lb83]
"one who winds up, coils" [az96]
see Latin coluber "snake" [az96]
see Nostratic *q.oHlV "to kill" [ag 79]

culSanS, culsans "Janus" [mc91: 53]; deity [g/lb83 85]
"one who circles, turns, cycle" [az96]
culscva "tangle" > "guts" [az96]

cumere "village dweller?" [az96]

cumn-, cumln- "burden, throng" [az96]

cunza "enemy, host?" [az96]

cuparia "Cupid" [az96]
see Latin Cupido "desire, lust, greed" [az96]

cupe "cup" [g/lb83, mp68]
see Greek kúpê [g/lb83, mp68]
see Latin cuppa "cup" [g/lb83, mp68]

cupsln, cupsn "one who lies down, sleeps" [az96]

cure "decomposition due to heat, pus" [az96]

cursi female name [mc91: 125]

curtun "Cortona (town)" [mp68: 93]
see Latin Cortôna [djh 14, g/lb83]
city name found in Italy and the Aegean: [mp68: 93]
Crotone (S. Italy) [mp68: 93]
Gyrton (Thessaly) [mp68: 93]
Gortyna (Arcadia, Crete, Macedonia) [mp68: 93]
Kyrton (Boeotia) [mp68: 93]

curuna "crown" [az96]
see Latin corona "crown" [az96]

cuS "to keep" [az96]
cuSna, cuSithe "one who covers, guards" [az96]
cuSu "patron, protector" [az96]
< *keudh "to hide" [az96]
see Latin custodire "to keep, guard" [az96]
see Archaic Latin coisa- [rmcc]

cusa "Orbetello (town)" [djh 14]

cusperiena "cusp" [az96]

cuther male name [mc91: 95]

cuthna, cutunia- cognomen, family name [g/lb85: 162]
see Latinized Cotonia [az96: 25]

cutlis "beater, scout, striker" [az96]

cutu personal name [g/lb83 77, mc91:72]
"smith, artesan" < "puncher?" [az96]

cuvie "clever, expert" [az96]

cvalv, cvlalile (plural) "one who torments, tortures" [az96]
cvelne "tormented, martyred" [az96]
cvenle "afflicted, grieving" [az96]

cver, cvera "things, objects, gift offered or dedicated" [lb 90, mp 68/75]
"sacred" [mc91]
"thanks" [az96]
"ex voto" [am91]
cvil, -cvil, cvl "gift" [g/lb83, lb 90, mp 68/75]

cvethn "to rest, repose" [az96]
cvethnei, cuethnei, cueSna "one who reposes" [az96]

cvl alp deity of fate or underworld, pars hostilis/pars postica [mp68: 251]



This page represents the opinion of the author
and does not reflect the policies of the Mississippi University for Women.

The compilers thank Adolfo Zavaroni for his generous assistance and objectivity.
We thank Gabriela Mc Callister-Castillo for her research assistance.
We thank G. Bruce Cobbold for his inspiration.

This compilation is copyrighted.
Feel free to make copies for personal use
but this document may not be used any commercial purposes.
Be sure to check all entries against sources for accuracy.
Cite the original sources in any publications.
Please advice us of any typographical or translation errors.

Comments
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rmccalli@muw.edu