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Etruscan Glossary N

Compilation and translations from French, Italian and Latin
by Rick Mc Callister and Silvia Mc Callister-Castillo ©1999

-n accusative (pronomimal) suffix [mcv, mp68: 397]
see Indo-European *-m [mcv 9-2-99, mp68: 397]

-n, -an, -un archaic genitive singular [b/k 32]

-na, -ina, -ena adjectival suffix [mp68: 395]
"the one, that of" [es 18 Jul 99]
suffix of pertinence or propriety [pa]
suffix used with family names [lrp 57]
see Basque -en-a, genitive + definite (suffixed) article [es 18 Jul 99]

nac "as, how, so, because, then, when, why" [az96, g/lb83, lb 299, mcv, mp68, pa, dep]

nace, nax "one who gathers; future, next" [az96]
nacna "next to, last" [az96]
nacnuva, nacnva "propinquity" [az96]
nacnvaia "propinquity, posterity" [az96]

nac-um "and so" [az96]

nae < cnaive "wise, sage, knowledgeable" [az96]
nai "wise, sage (fem.)" [az96]
see Latin conare "to know" [az96]

naiethe "wavering" [az96]

namulth ame "to understand" [az96]
namulthna "(which) grasps, perceives" [az96]

nana "none, no one" [az96]

nane, nanu "one who turns, folds from here to there" [az96]
see Greek plánês [az96]

nanste "waving, swimming" [az96]
see Latin nans [az96]

nap-, nap-ti, nap-er "measure, unit of measurement" [mp68]
naper "measurement of area" [g/lb85: 168, mp68: 405]
measure of length [pa]
"rooms, lair" [mp68]
see Latin napurae "straw ropes used in ceremonies" [mp68]
< *hneghw- [az96]

napa "ulex europaeus" Tuscan of Etruscan origin [bm 24-25]

naplan "libation vase" [az96, pa, dep]
see Greek nablas [mp68]
Latin nablum, nablium type of harp, lyre [mp68]

napti "inclined, favorable" [az96]

narie (masculine), naria (feminine) "slave' [az96]
< *s-ner- "to bind" [az96]

nartale "nooses, snares (plural)" [az96]

nartha "oblige" [az96]

nathna "Salacia" [az96]
"movement" [az96]
natisnusnei "Salacia, Venilia" [az96]

nathum "Fury, eumenide" [g/lb83]
natinusna, natinusnai demon [mp68: 407]

natis "wise, seer" [az96]

naxva "attainment, success" [az96]

-nd- ending [pa]

nefiS, nefts, neftis, neftS, napti, nefS "grandson" [az96, cb, gg 4 Mar 99, g/lb83, mc91, mcv, mp68, rab 347, v, pa, dep]
see Lemnian nafoth, naphoth "nephew, grandson" [dep,, mp68]
see Latin nepos "grandson" [az96, cb, dep, gg 4 Mar 99, g/lb83, mc91, mcv, mp68, rab 347, v]
see Avestan napat "grandson" [dep]
see Sanskrit napat "grandson" [dep]
see Greek nepodes "descendents" [dep]
see Albanese nip "nephew" [dep]
see Old Irish nia "nephew" [dep]
see Lithuanian nepuotis "grandson" [dep]
see Indo-European *nepots [dep]

nemsu "(sacred) grove" [az96]
see Latin nemor- [az96]

nene "nurse, wet-nurse" [g/lb83]
see Spanish nana "babysitter, wet nurse, older female relative" [rmcc]

neqaxu "owed, obligated" [az96]

neri "water" [g/lb83]

neri "validity, vigor" [az96]

nes-, neS-, nes-l, neS-s "dead, defunct" [mp68, pa]
"to die" [dep]
nesithvas "being placed" [az96]
nesl "site" < "position" [az96]
nesl, nesna "to bend down, lower, descend" [az96]
neslthl, neslthl "one who lowers, places" [az96]
nesna "belonging to the dead?" [g/lb83, pa, dep]
< *nestl- "to be situated, lowered" [az96]

nestur "Nestor" [g/lb85: 161]

netei "maid, spinner" [az96]
< *net- "thread, weave, viscera" [az96]

neth natural deity [mp68: 251]

nethsrac, nethSrac "haruspicine" [g/lb83, lb 90, mp 75, dep, pa]
"heartbreak" [az96, dep, pa]

nethun, nethuns "Neptune" [az96, mc91: 150, mp68: 159]
nethuns "Neptune" [gzb, EM]
nethunsl "for Neptune" [gm97]

netsvis, netSvis, nethSvis, netsus "haruspex, haruspices" [az96, djh 14, g/lb83, lb 90, mp 68: 265; mc91, mp 75, pa, dep]
see Greek nêdús, tà nêduia "viscera" [mc91: 83]

nevtlane "Neoptólemos" [az96]
"(one who) enjoys" [az96]

nexse "one who matches, agrees upon, is connected" [az96]
< *nek- "to tighten, grip" [az96]
see Latin nexus "tying together, connecting" [rmcc]

-ni accusative suffix of pronouns and demonstratives [source unknown]

nica "to lower, humiliate" [az96]
nicu "one who lowers" [az96]
< hnghw- [az96]

nina "to wave" [az96]

ninie "spinner" [az96]

nithu "(pars) hostilis" (of divinatory liver) [az96]

Nortia "Fortuna of Volsinii" goddess of fate and fortune, of the New Year; patron of Volsini [lb 90, mp 75, EM]

-nt- ending [pa]

-nth suffix of agent [pa]

*-nth active present participle [mcv]
see Indo-European *-nt [mcv]

*nu- "new" [az96]
see nurph "nine" [az96]
see Nostratic *NuEqV "now" [ag 79]

nucrtele "(boxing) fight judge" [az96]

nufre, nufrzna, nurfurznas family name, cognomen [g/lb83 83]
"discoverer, wise" [az96]
< *sneup [az96]
see Latinized Noborsinia [az96: 25]

nula-th "those from city/tribe of Nola" [pa]

numa "sign, notch, coinage" > "number" [az96]
numesie, numisiie, numna, numsi, numisie male name [mc91: 81]
"one who notches, makes signs, numbers" [az96]
see Latin Numerius [mc91: 81]
see Latin numerus [az96]

numclanie family name [g/lb85: 122]
< *num- + clan- "son"? [rmcc]

numni female name [mc91: 99]

numta "sign, mention" [az96]

nun, nuna "inclination, propensity" > "favor" [az96]
nuna "to not disturb" < "to favor" [az96]
nune "to favor" [az96]
nunia "(which) vacillates, inclines" [az96]
< *(h)neu-n- < *hnegw- [az96]

nuna, nuna-r (plural) "offerings" [g/lb83, mp68, pa, dep]
adjective referring to sacred qualities/function [mc91: 118]
"to announce" [az96]
nunth, nunth-en, nunth-ena, nunth-en-th, nunth-eri (gerundive) "make, do, making, doing" [mc68: 399]
"to sacrifice, make an offering" [g/lb83, mp68, pa, dep]
nunthek "has dedicated" (Delphi Inscription) [dep]

nunthena "announcement" [az96]

nurfzi "legation, embassy" [az96]

nurph, nutph "nine" [cb, g/lb83, mc91, mp68, pa. dep]
nurphzi "nine times" [g/lb83 80, mc91, mp68, pa]
< *nur "new?" [mcv]
see Indo-European "new after eight" [ag 78/79, er, mcv]
see Indo-European *ok'to_(u) "eight" < "twice four" [ag 78, 79, er 99, mcv]
see Indo-European *newn "nine" < *neu- "new" [ag 78/79, er, mcvr]
see Indo-European *nu "new" [ag 78/79, er, mcv]
see Kartvelian *arwa- "eight"; from Semitic [ag 78/79, er, mcv]
see Nostratic *NüqV "now" + *rph "eight" [ag 78/79, er, mcv]
see Arabic arba' "four" [rmcc]

nurziu, nurtine "fortunate" [az96]
< *s-ner "to spin" [az96]

nuS- "support" [az96]
< nuz- < nust- [az96: 16]

nuste "one who attaches, props, rivets" [az96]
nuzlxne "confirmation" < "riveting" [az96]
< *hnugw- "to strike" [az96] nuthin "to bend (to)" > "to admit, agree upon?" [az96]

nuvasni, nuvathi "wave" [az96] nuvi "novelty, inclination?" [az96]
nuvlaiu "(which) inclines, vacillating" [az96]

This page represents the opinion of the author
and does not reflect the policies of the Mississippi University for Women.

The compilers thank Adolfo Zavaroni for his generous assistance and objectivity.
We thank Gabriela Mc Callister-Castillo for her research assistance.
We thank G. Bruce Cobbold for his inspiration.

This compilation is copyrighted.
Feel free to make copies for personal use
but this document may not be used any commercial purposes.
Be sure to check all entries against sources for accuracy.
Cite the original sources in any publications.
Please advice us of any typographical or translation errors.