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Etruscan Glossary TA-TL

Compilation and translations from French, Italian and Latin
by Rick Mc Callister and Silvia Mc Callister-Castillo ©1999



-t nominative suffix [az96: 27]-

t, -ti, -th, -thi "in" (locative stem) [az96, b/k 32]
locative instrumentive suffix [mp68: 396]
ta, -ta, teis, teiS, tei "this" demonstrative adjective/ pronoun [am91, az96, b/k 32, mc91, mcv, g/lb83, pa, dep]
tn, thn "this" accusative demonstrative adjective/ pronoun [am91, az96, b/k 32, mc91, mcv, g/lb83, pa, dep]
-ta, -tn, -tS, -tla, -tle, -tra, -tre, -treS enclitic determinative article forms [mp68]
see emphatic forms ita, itan, itun, itas, ital, eta, eth, eith, ethl [am91, mp68]
see derived or compound forms etva, etve, eSta, eSt-la, itanim, etanal [mp68]
see Russian eto "this" [dep]
see Greek to "the" [dep]
see Gothic thata "this" [dep]
see Latin istud "this" [dep]
see Sanskrit tah "he" [dep]
see Indo-European *to- [az96, b/k 32, mcv 9-2-99, g/lb83]
see Nostratic *t.aE "this" [ag 79]

tafina "patera" "patera "saucer, shallow dish" [az96]
see thafna [az96]

tages founder of Etruscan divination, born as a prophetic child who sprang from freshly plowed furrow at Tarquinia (Greco-Roman form) [g/lb83]
deity who taught the Etruscans divination and augury; depicted as young man with two snakes as legs [EM]


talape "cane (for good luck?)" > "luck" [az96]

talassio, talassionis "Etruscan wedding-demon. The yell 'Talassio' was raised by the revellers at the moment the bride entered the house of the bride." [rl]

talce "foorprint" [az96]
see Italian tallone "heel" [az96]

*tal'e "young, pubescens" [ag 79]
see Nostratic *t.aEHl'V "young animal" [ag 79]

talitha "cash, counting" [az96]

talmithe "(which) articulates, computes, deciphers" [az96]

tam "to build" [dep]
see Latin domus "house" [dep]
see Russian dom "house" [dep]
see Gothic timrjan "to build" [dep]
see Greek demo "I build" [dep]

tamera "magistracy title" [g/lb83, mp68, pa, dep]
tamiathur-, tamiathur-as "body of magistrates"
see tesinth tamiathuras "caretaker of those belonging to the body of tamia-" [mp68]
"steward?" [az96]
see Greek themeres "holy" [dep]
see Hittite dammara "priest" [dep]

tamera, tameru, tamere-s-ca "chamber, tomb, chapel, arc, home" [az96]
tam-eresca "temple building, sanctuary, arc" [az96]
see tam [rmcc]
see tm-ia [mcv 8 Nov 96]
see Latin taberna "shop" of Etruscan origin [bm 24-25, g/lb85: 82, nv 73]
see Indo-European *dom- [mcv 8 Nov 96]

tameresca "promoter" [lb 299]

*tamna, *thamna "horse" [mp68, pa, dep]
Greek gloss dámnos [mp68]
see Breton danvad "sheep" [dep]
see Irish damh "ox" [dep]
see Greek dammalis "calf" [dep]
see Gothic gatamjan "to tame" [dep]

tanam, thana, thania, thanna, thannia, thanusa, tanusa, thansius name [az96: 25]

tanasa-, thanasa, tanasa-r, thandsa "actor, character, person in a ritual" [az96, pa, dep]
"having acted as" (intensive perfective participle) [dep]
"lamentations?" [az96]
see thans, thans-ur [mp68]
see Irish deanaim "I do" [dep]
see Armenian dnem "I do" [dep]

tanna "to sentence" [az96]

tanxuil female name [g/lb83 22]

taphu "beaten, vexed" [az96]
taphuSa "touched, beaten" [az96]
taplaS- "to beat" [az96]

tarils "stimulator, exciter" [az96]

tarna family name (male) [g/lb83 73, mc91: 134]
"thorn, sting" [az96]
tarnai family name (female) [mc91: 134]

tarsu, tarsura "terror, terrible" [az96]

t'art'anium, dardanium "Dardani, Trojans" [g/lb85: 171]

tartiria "offering" [mp68: 409]
"investigation, exhamination (of haruspex?)" [az96]

tarxi "perception" [az96]
tarxi name [g/lb83]
tarxi salvi "starwatcher" [az96]
tarxie "grasping" [az96]
tarxna, tarxuna "Tarquinia (town named for family)" [djh 14, lrp 57, mc91]
tarxnalth, tarxn-al-thi "in Tarquinia (named for demiurge Tarxun)" [az96, mc91: 139]
"to Tarquinia" [mc91]
tarxumenai "god of perception, hunting, etc." [az96]
tarxun, tarxunie, tarxunus "Tarchon, Tarquinius (founder of Tarquinii, recorded Tages's prphetic song)" [g/lb83, js]
brother of Tyrsenos [mc91: 82]
tarxun- "(which) perceives, grasps" [az96]
tarxvetena "from Tarquinia" [az96]
< *tarx-na [djh 14, lrp 57. mc91]
< tarc "to observe" [az96]
< *tark-, *tarkh- < "to perceive, grasp, grab" [az96]
see tarc-nei, tarxna, tarxumenaia, tarxvetenas [az96]
see Latinized Tarquiniî (city), Tarquinius (family) [djh 14, lrp 57, mc91, js]
see Luwian & Hittite deity Tarhunda, Tarhunta [mc91: 82]
see Hittite Tarkhun a god of conquest [js]
see Hittite tarh "to conquer" [O. R. Gurney. "The Hittites" 1990: 114; cit. js]

tata, tatan "(deity) splitter" [az96]
tatr "(organ of) land division" [az96]

*taur- [b/b 105-06]
Tyrrhenian root?
*tauru- "hill," [rah 53-54]
Tyrrhenian?

tavarSio "tomb" Lemnian [g/lb 85: 69]

tebenna, tèbennos "cloak, forerunner of Roman toga" [djh 60, mp68: 337]

tece "placed" [am91, g/lb83 76]
tec, tece sans "Straight Linker" [az96]
see éthêke [am91]
< *deik [az96]

tecsa "signal, sign" [az96]

tecum, tecvm natual deity [mp68: 251]
"Judge (god)" [az96]

tef, teb "stamp, character" [az96]
< *s-tMbh "to trample" [az96]

teis "Justice (god)" [az96]

teisnica "figurative"
teisniclte "representation" [az96]
< *dheigh or *deik [az96]

teithurna family name [g/lb83 84, mc91: 110]

teitu "tenacious, resistent" [az96]
see Italian tenace "tenacious" [az96]

temamer "to rebuke, assail" [az96]
see thep-, thef-, thuf- [az96]

ten-, ten-u, ten-ve, ten-ine, ten-th-as, ten-th-aS "to perform, exercise (a magistracy)" [am91, mp68, pa, dep]
"to act as" [g/lb83]
tenath, thneth "to hold"
tenthas "holding" [az96]
"having had the function" [am91]
verbal participle based on tenu [mc91: 71]
tenthce "held, applied oneself?" [az96]
tenu, tenve"has served as?" [mp68: 400]
"held (preterite)" [az96]
< *ten- [az96]
see Latin tenere "to hold" [az96]
see Irish deanaim "I do" [dep]
see Armenian dnem "I do" [dep]

teni "to offer" [am91]
tenine "offer" [am91]
"image, representation" [az96]
tenixunce "I offered" [am91]

teraS "at the threshold, limits (locative)?" [az96]

tereSia, teriaSal "Teiresías" [g/lb83 16]
"(that) from beyond, " [az96]

tes-, teS-, tez, tes-am-, teSam-, tes-amsa "to care for, cure" [g/lb83, mp68]
"to cure, to love" [pa, dep]
tesamit-, tezan "attested, documented" [az96]
teSamsa "cured" [am91, mc68: 399]
"having indicated" [az96]
teSiameitale "(were) dedicated, indicated" [az96]
teSiameitale "she favors him?" [mcv 8 Nov 96]
teSim "documented, attested" [az96]
teSinth "curator" [mp68, pa, dep]
"(which) indicates, authorizes" [az96]
tesinth "caretaker" [g/lb83]
see thez- [g/lb83, mp68]
see tezan , tesn-, tesn-e, tese-S, tesim, teSami-tn [mp68]
see Latin test- [az96]

teSne "judge" [az96]

teta "grandmother" [g/lb83]

teta "to cover, protect" [az96]
tetals "grandson (maternal)" [az96, g/lb83 74]
< "protected" [az96]
tetatru "protector" [az96]
tetina, tetnie "(which) covers, protects" [az96]
< *teht- [az96]
see Latin -tect- "cover" [g/lb83 74]

tetumina "beaten, hit" [az96]

tevarath "watcher, arbiter?" [pa, dep]
teurath, tevarath "judge, arbiter, observer" [am91, az96, g/lb83, lb 90, mp 68/75, pa, dep]
teurs "judge" [az96]
tev, tv-, tva "to show, see" [g/lb83, lb 90, mp 68/75, pa, dep]
"to observe, arbitrate" [az96]
tevcrun "one who watches, judge" [az96]
tevi "observation, judgement" [az96]
see Lemnian tavarsio
see Latin tuor "see" [g/lb83, lb 90, mp 68/75]
see Greek thêweia, théas [am91]
see Anatolian tawarna, tawana, tabarna [ayma@tip.nl]

tez, tezi "sign" [az96]

tezan unknown [mp68: 406]

tiathasa "having indicated, adapted?" [az96]

ticusna male name [mc91: 123]
ticusnei female name [mc91: 123]

tin, tins, tin-S, tin-Si "day" [b/k 33, cb, g/lb83, v, pa, dep, gzb]
tin, tina, tinia, tiniia, tinis, tins "Jupiter, Zeus, god of daylight" [az96, b/k 33, cb, g/lb83, mc91: 53, mp68, pa, dep, gzb, EM]
tin cilen celestial deity [mp68: 251]
tin thvf celestial deity [mp68: 251]
tinas clenar "Dioscouri" [mp68: 247]
tinascliniiaras "to the sons of Tin/Jupiter (Dioscouri)" [pa]
tiniatule "divinations" [az96]
tineri "divining" [az96]
tins-cvil, tinScvil "gift of Tin (Jupiter)" [mp68]
"divine" [am91, az96]
tinSin "in/on the day" [g/lb83]
see Latin nundinum "nine day span" [dep]
see Old Irish tredenus "three days" [dep]
see Lithuanian diena "day" [dep]
see Old Slavic dini "day" [dep]
see Sanskrit dinam "day" [dep]
see English tin, metal of Jupiter [internet, source unknown]
see Indo-European *di, *din "light" [pa]
see Indo-European *deiw-, *diw-n- , *di-n- [mcv 9-2-99]

tin "to pay, to have make" [am91]
tinake "paid, had make" [am91]

tinthu, tithun "(which) catches fire" [az96]
tinthur "hornet, vespa" [az96]

tipanati associate of Adonis [g/lb83]

tiphile "Díphilos" (Greek) [mc91: 52]
"one who strikes" [az96]

tita female name [az96, mc91: 68, pa]
"good (fem.)" [az96]
tite male name, family name (male) [az96, pa]
"good, happy (masc.)" [az96]
titi "goodness, bounty" [az96]
titia family name (female) [mc91: 102]
Tities Latin equitês name of Etruscan origin [lrp 48, rah 59]
see Latin Titus [g/lb83, mc91: 68, mp68: 233]

titulni, titlni "one who touches lightly, tickles, touch, tickle" [az96]

tiu, tiur, tiv, tivr, tiiur-S, tivr-s "moon, month, Luna (moon goddess)" [am91, az96, cb, jf 139, mcv 9-2-99/8 Nov 96, g/lb83, pa, gzb, dep]
"the bright one" [dep]
tiurunia "Diana, Lucina, Shining" [az96]
tiurunias month name [mp68: 407]
tiusta "brilliant, shining" [az96]
tiv "moon god" [cb]
see Latin dies "day" [dep]
see Germanic Tiw [rmcc]
see Sanskrit dyaus "bright sky, day" [dep]

tlamu "Talamone (city)
see Latin Telamôn [g/lb83, mp68: 192]

tlapu "wary" [az96]

tlenace, tlenaxe "undertaking, task, endurance" [az96, Pfiffig]

tlesna family name (male) [mc91: 102]
"allever" [az96]

tlexe past tense verb, passive voice [mc91: 142]
"sustainer" [az96]

tlnsth natural deity [mp68: 251]

tluscv, thluthu terrestrial deity [mp68: 251]
"Tellumo-Dîs" [az96]
see tellūs "earth, soil" [rmcc]



This page represents the opinion of the author
and does not reflect the policies of the Mississippi University for Women.

The compilers thank Adolfo Zavarone for his generous assistance and objectivity.
We thank Gabriela Mc Callister-Castillo for her research assistance.
We thank G. Bruce Cobbold for his inspiration.

This compilation is copyrighted.
Feel free to make copies for personal use
but this document may not be used any commercial purposes.
Be sure to check all entries against sources for accuracy.
Cite the original sources in any publications.
Please advice us of any typographical or translation errors.

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