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Etruscan Glossary E

Compilation and translations from French, Italian and Latin
by Rick Mc Callister and Silvia Mc Callister-Castillo ©1999



-e locative intrumentive suffix [mp68: 396]

easun, eiasun
"Jason" [g/lb83]

ec, ek, ex "to call, summon" [az96]
< *vekw [az96]

eca "this (nominative)" [am91, cb, g/lb83, mc91, mp68]
eclthi "demonstrative (locative)" [mc91: 73]
ecn "this (accusative)" [mc91]
ecs "this (genitive)" [mc91]
see ca [cb, g/lb83, mc91, mp68]

ecs "indigent, lacking" [az96]
eca (genitive) [az96]
ecnia "indigence" [az96]
ecia verb [az96]
see Latin egêre "to carry out, carry off" [az96]

ectur, extur "Hektôr" [g/lb83]
"Cutting" [az96]

ei, ein, eith, eth, ethl pronominal particle [mp68]
see ta [mp68]

ei "no, not, don't" [am91, mc91: 118]

ei "here, now" [az96]

ei "property" [az96]
< eiki [az96]

eicrece "sick" [az96]

eine "Aeneas" [g/lb85: 92]
see Greek Aineías [g/lb85: 92]

eisnev, eisneve "exercized the priesthood" [az96]

eitiia "valuation" [az96]
eitva, aiza, etva, heitva, eit, eith, eithi, ez, es "to venerate, respect, esteem, to watch out" [az96]
eitna, eizan-, eizene, ezna, ezunei
"timorous, respectful" [az96]
eitviscri "pudenda ('shameful parts')" [az96]
< *aidh, *eith [az96]
see Latin aestimatio "valuation" [az96]
see Greek aidoîa [az96]

eleivana "of oil" [g/lb83]
aska eleivana" "container of oil" [g/lb83]
see Greek elaiwa > élaion "oil"[rc 95, g/lb83]

see Latin oliua "olive" (Greek, Latin) [rc 95]
of Tyrrhenian origin? [g/lb83]

elementum Latin, of Etruscan origin [lrp 51]
see Gk elephanta "ivory letter" [lrp 51]

elfa "half, middle" [az96]

elina, elinai, helene "Hé:le:ne:" [g/lb83, mc91: 49]
Fervid, Passion" [az96]

els "stele" [ag79]
see Nostratic *HelV "to rise" [ag 79]

elusisnia "agitation, movement" [az96]
eluva "the (two) Animators (i.e. the Dioscuri) [az96]

-em "minus, from (used with numbers)" [am91, g/lb83, mp68]

emel "(take by the) handle" [az96]

en "to worry about, cure?" [az96]

ena "to carry out?" [az96]
enixunce "carried out" [az96]

enac, enax "then, afterwards" [g/lb83]

enesc- "private" [az96]

eniaca "just-like" [az96, mcv 8 Nov 96]

enizpeta "Enispa (name; demonstrative form)" [mc91: 74]
"(one who) guards property?" [az96]

-enna suffix used with family names [lrp 57]
-ennus suffix [lrp 48]

enva "nine" [az96]

ep, epa. ipe, epu "to suppose, evaluate, meditate" [az96]
see Latin opinari "to suppose, evaluate, believe" [az96]
< *ep-/*ip- "to vacillate, doubt" [az96]

ep "to do" [az96]
epiuna "Ops (goddess)" [az96]
epiur, epeur "child/youth companion of Hercules, who presents him to Tinia or Minverva" [g/lb83]
"Opes, god of resources, strength, power" [az96]
epl "work, labor" [az96]
eple, epule "worker" [az96]
< *ep "strength, work, labor" [az96]
see Latin operare "to work, labor" [az96]

epana "to waver" [az96]
epni "wavering" [az96]
epnice "(one who has) wavered, uncertain" [az96]

epetave, epetav preterite verb form [az 19 Jul 99]

epl, pi, pul "in, to, up to" [g/lb83]

epri "help, potentially" [az96]

eprial "superior" [az96]
eprthe- "superior charge, supremacy" [az96]
eprthne "superior, leader" [az96]
eprthnev "to be the leader" [az96]

er, erce "to honor", "honor, respect" [az96]
eraiSce "agitated, moved" [az96]
eruna "agitation, movement?" [az96]

-eri, -ri gerundive suffix, postposition "for, for the sake of" [az96, mp68: 400]
locative, instrumentive suffix [mp68: 396]

eris name "Honor, Respect" [az96]

ermania "heat, hot" [az96] erus "sun" < "burning" [az96]
ermie "August (month)" [az96]
< *er- < *ghwer "heat" [az96]

-erna suffix used with family names [lrp 57]

ersce "went" [am91]
"saved, spared (risparmiò)" [az96]

-es < -a-si-si ablative suffix for -a stem words [mcv 9 Apr 99]

eS < ez "respects, is wary" [az96]
ez "to esteem, venerate" [az96]
eznxval "venerable, for veneration" [az96]
espia < eitvaspia (f.), expu, ezpa (m.) venerable, esteemed [az96]
esta "estimation, reward" [az96]
estac, estak "estimator" [az96]
< *aist-, *eith-, *eth-, *eitv- [az96]

esi "prosperity, well (being)" [az96]

esl-em ce-alx "twenty eight (two from thirty)" [g/lb83 79, mc91]
esl-em zathrum "eighteen (two from twenty)" [g/lb83 79, mc91]
eslz "twice" [g/lb83, mc91, mp68]

eSta, eStac, eStla pronominal participle? [mp68]
see ta [mp68]

eStla "and this" [g/lb83 76]

estrei "sign, point" < "notch" [az96]

esvi-, esv-tn, esvi-S "ceremony, sacrifice" [mp68]
see ais, eis [mp68]

esxath, esxathce "to investigate, interrogate, to seek" [az96]

eta "this (nominative)?" [am91, mc91]
etan "this (accusative)" [mc91]
eta "seat, post" [az96]
etanei "seat" [az96]
see Latin aedes "building, temple, house" [az96]
etula (oblique) [az96]
< *et(h)-/*it- < *sed [az96]
ethava "seat, residence, temple, foundation" [az96]
see Latin sedes "seat, residence, temple, foundation" [az96]

etanal "on the ides ?" [mcv 8 Nov 96]

etera, eteri, etri, etera-S, eter-S, eterais, eteraias "foreigner, slave,clientes" (middle class)" [djh 72, g/lb83, mp68: 232]
from Umbrian [djh 72, g/lb83, mp68: 232]
"associate, iugus, continual" [az96]
eterau, eterav "referring to etera 'foreigner, slave, servant" [mp68]
zilath eterav, camthi eterau, zil eteraias officials connected with the etera [mp68]

etera "weaving, flesh" > "viscera" > "son" [sic] [az96]
etertic "viscera, intestines" [az96]
etras "internal?" [az96]
etri, ethrni "internal" [az96]
etrinthi "entrails", plural of *etrine [az96]
etrisna "(one who) weaves" [az96]

eth natural deity [mp68: 251]

eth < eith "being wary" [az96]
ethri gerund of eth < eith "being wary" [az96]
ethun "careful, respectful" [az96]

ethausva, ethauSva female deity appearing at the birth of Minerva [g/lb83]
"Vesta" [az96]

ethl plural direct object pronoun for *e- based words? [az96]

etiasas "having given something to eat?" [az96]

etnam, -tnam "and, also" [am91, g/lb83, mp68]
"of equals, the same" [mc91: 151]
etnam "ita" [az96]
etnam . . . etnam "and . . . and; so . . . so" [az96]
etnam ix "so thatt" [az96]
see Latin ita "so, thus" [az96]

etr-, ethr-, ethr-i, ethr-se, etra-sa "verb dealing with sacred actions" [mp68]
related to tur? [mp68]
see eter-ti, eter-tic, etrin-thi [mp68]

euntke "propitious" [az96]

eurphia nymph/muse dancing in front of Phaun [g/lb83]

eurtha "valor, dignity, parole?" [az96]

euterpa, euterpe "Euterpê (acts as a Charity)" [g/lb83]
"Destiny" < "Plot-weaver" [az96]

evan male/female deity associated with Turan and Adonis [g/lb83]
"Time" [az96]
< evo [az96]
see Latin -aevus "age, epoch, era, time" [az96]

evantra "Evándra" [mc91: 46]

evi "duration, eternity" [az96]

evrthia "Virbia, of the weaving" [az96]
evrtun "revolving, praying?" [az96]

evtucle, evzicle "Eteoklês" [g/lb85: 161]
"Fate (Fas, Fatum)" [az96]
< *avth [az96]

ezpu family name [mc91: 137]



This page represents the opinion of the author
and does not reflect the policies of the Mississippi University for Women.

The compilers thank Adolfo Zavaroni for his generous assistance and objectivity.
We thank Gabriela Mc Callister-Castillo for her research assistance.
We thank G. Bruce Cobbold for his inspiration.

This compilation is copyrighted.
Feel free to make copies for personal use
but this document may not be used any commercial purposes.
Be sure to check all entries against sources for accuracy.
Cite the original sources in any publications.
Please advice us of any typographical or translation errors.

Comments
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rmccalli@muw.edu