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Etruscan Glossary A-AL

Compilation and translations from French, Italian and Latin
by Rick Mc Callister and Silvia Mc Callister-Castillo ©1999



-a place name suffix, also used to derive family names from praenomina [lrp 57]

-a feminine suffix [mp68: 395]

-a plural suffix [mp68: 395]

ac "make, offer" [g/lb83, lb 90, mp 75]
acas "to make, to present, to offer" [mp68, pa, dep]
"to proclaim" > "to manifest" [az96]
acasa "[to have] proclaimed" [az96]
acasce "did, made" [am91, mp68, pa, dep]
acasri "to be offered" [mp68: 409, pa, dep]
acazr "objects offered in the tomb, offered" [g/lb83, 85: 162; mp68, pa, dep]
probably plural form of *cas "offer" [dep]
from same root as acas [dep]
see acnasver "venerable" [az96]
acil "to do, make" [az96]
"work" [mc91]
acilth ame "make, complete (confice)" (imp.) [az96]
acilu, acilunia title, cognomen [az96, mc91: 67]
< acil "work" [mc91: 67]
"doer, maker, worker" [az96]
see Breton kas "to send" very doubtful [dep]

-ac, -ax nominative suffix for words ending in consonants [az96: 27]

*acale, *acle "June" [g/lb83, mc91, mp68, pa, dep]
Latin gloss aclius, aclus [g/lb83, gm97, mc91, mp68]
"excitement, stimulus" [az96]
acalve "in June" (locative) [az96]
see *acaletur [rmcc]
< *ak- "point" [az96]
calque of Latin Junius < juniores? [rmcc]

acalia "refinement" [az96]
see Latin acumen "point, sting" [az96]

*acaletur, *acalethur "boy" [az96: 25, mp68]
acalucva "youth?" [az96]
acathur "boy" [pa]
glossed in Greek as agalé:tora [mp68]
< *yegw- "young" [az96: 25]

acenna place name [lrp 57]

acerra "incense box" Latin of Etruscan origin [lrp 57]

acila "handmaiden" [g/lb83]
see Latin ancilla "maidservant" [g/lb83]

acline, aclinei family name [az96]
"pointed, sharp" [az96: 25]

aclni "guide" [az96]
acnaice "to conduct, to make so" [az96]
acnaine "[one] who guides" [az96]
acnanas, acnanasa 'having had, bore, delivered" [g/lb83 84, mc91: 134]
"having driven, guided" [az96]
< *ak- < *ag- "to conduct, to drive" [az96]

aclxn "sharp" [az96]
see Latin acutum "sharp" [az96]
see Latin acumen "point, sting" [az96]

acnasvers "funeral? cremation?"
"gave in possession" [lb 299]
see verse "fire" [mcv 8 Nov 96]

acnina "possession" [mp68: 405]
"hostility, threat" [az96]
acns "terror, veneration?" [az96]

acri, acriina "acrid, pungent, sharp" [az96]
acrie "pointed" [az96]
acriena family name [az96]
acsi, ahsi "pungent, sharp" [az96]
akarai, axarum, axrum "affliction" [az96]
acnasver "venerating" [az96]
< acrie [mc91: 96]
< *ak- [az96]

acun- "greetings, health" [az96]
see axu [az96]

acvilnas family name [mc91]

afle name [mc91]
"propitious" [az96]

afr, apher, apha, afu, aphucu, apuchapre, hapuri, hafure "luck, fortune" [az96]
apana "chance, achievement, attainment" [az96]
apane "relating to luck" [az96]
apena "chance, fortune" [az96]
aphe demon [mp68: 407]
"chance, mishap, occurance, fortune (divinity)" [az96]
apice "capture, attainment" [az96]
apru, aprun, apira "April" month dedicated to Fortune [az96, lrp 48/57]
apire "luck" [az96]
apirthe, apurthe cognomen,"lucky" [az96: 22]
apre "occurence, fortune, chance, mishap" [az96]
apu "receiver, obtainer" [az96]
apunas, afunas, haphna family name [g/lb83 71]
"fortunate" [az96]
< *ap/ *aph / *hap / *haph [az96]
see afur, apur, apurthe, afunas, apunas, haf- hap-, haph- [az96]
see Latinized Aburi [az96]
see Latin apiscor "to reach for, acquire" [az96]
see Latin Aprilis, aprilis [az96, lrp 48/57]
see Latin aptus "suitable" [az96]
see Latin habeo "to have" [az96]
see Spanish apenas "scarcely, hardly" [rmcc]
see Umbrian hab-, [az96]
see Greek aphro, Aphrodite [az96, lrp 48/57]
see Greek haphê, háp-tô "to take, to have" [az96: 22]

afu "striker, collector, hitter" [az96]

afuna family name [g/lb83 76]

-aias, -ies genitive singular for -ai stem [b/k 32]

ain, ein "property" [az96]

ais, aiS, eis "god" [az96, cb, djh 14, g/lb83, mc91, mp68, v, pa, dep]
aisar, ais-er-as, ais-er-aS, aesar, eisar, eiser, eis-er-as, eis-er-aS "gods" [az96, cb, djh 14, g/lb83, mc91, mp68, v, pa, dep, gm97, gzb]
aisiu "godly, divine" [g/lb83 80]
aislu "divine" [az96]
aisna, aisuna, eisna "divine, of the gods, divine service" [az96, g/lb83, mc91, pa, dep]
aisuna "king of the sacred (rex sacrorum)" [az96]
aineri "to be worshipped" gerund [az96]
eisnev, eisnevc priestly title [mp68]
esari sacral term [EB XXII 638, mcv 8 Jan 97]
"to worship" [EB XXII 638, mcv 8 Jan 97]
see North Picene aiten [er 9 Feb 98]
see Umbrian esono- "divine, sacred, sacrifice" [mcv 8 Jan 97, mp68: 262]
see Oscan aisusis "sacrifices" [EB XXII 638, mcv 8 Jan 97]
see Marrucian aisos "god" [EB XXII 638, mcv 8 Jan 97]
see Paelignian aisis "god" [EB XXII 638, mcv 8 Jan 97]
see Volscian esaristrom "a sacrifice" [EB XXII 638, mcv 8 Jan 97]
see Old Norse aesir [pa]
see Old Icelandic ass "gods" [dep]
see Cretan asasara divine name [dep]
see Celtic and Germanic *isarn- "iron", "holy or sky metal" from meteorites [Benvéniste 1969 cit. dep]
see IE ais- "to want, love, seek" [EB XXII 638, mcv 8 Jan 97]

aita, eita "Pluto, Hades (divinity)" [az96, g/lb83, EM]
"fear, veneration" [az96]
< *aghi-, *aghita- [az96]
see Greek Haides [g/lb83]

aius, aiuzie, plural aiuser "response" [az96]

aivas, eivas, evas "Ajax" [az96, g/lb83 67, mc91: 45]
"Terror" [az96]
aivas tlamunus "Ajax Telamon" [g/lb85: 162]
aivas vilates "Ajax Oileus" [g/lb85: 162]
< *aghi-vas [az96]
see Greek Aivás, *Aiwas [g/lb83 67, mc91: 45]

aixe "agitated, waving" [az96]

aiza "to worship" [az96]

aka "voice, speaker" [az96]
< *vekw- [az96]

-akh corresponds to North Picene -ag [er 9 Feb 98]

aklxis "finesse, sharpness" [az96]

al-, ala, ale, alice, alce, aliqu, alqu, alxu "to give, donate, offer" [mp68, g/lb83, vs/amr 189, pa, dep]
see Nostratic *HalV "to give" [ag 79]

-al, < *-a-la; -aith genitive & adjective suffix [mcv 9 Apr 99, mp68: 351]
-al genitive, dative, adjective, possessive, diminutive or ablative suffix [gm97, pa]
-al, -l dative suffix [sag]
-ale dative suffix for -a stem [mcv 9 Apr 99, mp68: 99]
< *-a-la-i [mcv 9 Apr 99, mp68: 99]
-al-thi locative of genitive [pa]
< *-a-la; -aith [mcv 9 Apr 99, mp68: 351]
genitive of genitive [mcv 9 Apr 99, mp68: 394]
< -a-la-si; al-iS-la [mcv 9 Apr 99, mp68: 394]
see Lemnian -ai, -aith, -ale, -ial [mp68: 99]

ala "[to be] vital, lively, moving, boldly" [az96]
alathna "one who drives, puts in motion, action" [az96]
ale "to be vigorous" [az96]
alixsantre, alcsentre, elaxsntre "Paris Alexander" [g/lb83]
"vigorous" [az96]
alki "dynamism, liveliness" [az96]
< *al-, *el- , *al, *el "motion, animation, activity" [az96]
see Latin alacer "vigor" [az96]

alapu "to slap" [az96]

-alas, -als ablative suffix for -a stem [mcv 9 Apr 99, mp68: 394]

-alc, -alx decile suffix [mp68: 398]

alcsti "Alcestis" [g/lb85: 145]

ale, alice, alce, aliqu "to give thought, cured, something cured" [az96]
alixa "cure, thought" > "gift" [az96]

alethnas family name [g/lb85: 121, mc91: 62]

alfa "white, shining" [az96]
see Latin alba "white, shining" [rmcc]

alfniS name [mc91]

alice "make" [mc91]
aliqu "made, given" [mc91: 66]

alpan, alpanu, alpnu "gift, offering, willingly; Harmonia?, Concordia?" [pa, g/lb83]
"offering" [mp68]
"pleasant thing, happiness, Laetitia (Grace)" [az96]
a lasa, goddess of love and the underworld, usually portrayed naked [EM]
probably from same root as al [dep]
alphaze "offering" [g/lb83, gzb, dep, pa]
probably from same root as al [dep]
alpnina "joy, happiness" [az96]
alpnu "as a gift, given" [mp68: 406]
alfazei "happiness, propitiousness" [az96]
alfn- "happy, joyous" [az96]

alS, alSa "July" [az96]
alSase "in July" [az96: 17]
alSin- "rouser, shaker" [az96]
alSter "shaker, rouser" [az96]
althra "moved, driven" [az96]
altria "one who moves, waves" [az96]
< *althi "waving, wavering" [az96]

alsase "dedicated?" [lb 299]

alSinai family name [g/lb85: 120]

alsium port of Caere [mp68: 180]

althaia "Aithra (Helen's serving maid)?" [g/lb83]

alumnuathe, alumnuath "fosterchild" [az96]
alumnathuras ? [mp68: 265]
"group of fosterchildren, followers?" [rmcc]
-thuras collective suffix [mp68: 265]
see Latin alumnus "fosterchild" [az96]

alxa, alxu-, alxuna, alxun, alqum, alqu epithet of the Dioscuri [az96]
"dynamic, vigorous" [az96]

alxumena, alcumena "Alcmene" [g/lb83, mc91]



This page represents the opinion of the author
and does not reflect the policies of the Mississippi University for Women.

The compilers thank Adolfo Zavaroni for his generous assistance and objectivity.
We thank Gabriela Mc Callister-Castillo for her research assistance.
We thank G. Bruce Cobbold for his inspiration.

This compilation is copyrighted.
Feel free to make copies for personal use
but this document may not be used any commercial purposes.
Be sure to check all entries against sources for accuracy.
Cite the original sources in any publications.
Please advice us of any typographical or translation errors.

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