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Etruscan Glossary P

Compilation and translations from French, Italian and Latin
by Rick Mc Callister and Silvia Mc Callister-Castillo ©1999



paci "collected, quiet" [az96]
see Latin pacatus "peaceful" [az96]

paithunas family name [g/lb83 72, mc91: 101]

pakste, pecse "mane, Pêgasos" [az96]

pala
"roundness, rotundity" [mp68: 55, 371]
toponym of Italy and the Alps [mp68: 55, 371]
"mountain slope" (pre-Celtic) [b/b 126]
Tyrrhenian origin?
see Latin palatum "palate" [mp68: 55, 371]
see Ligurian and Sardinian bal- [mp68: 55, 371]
see Etruscan & eastern Alps fal- [mp68: 55, 371]

pala "meadow" Ladin [jr 58]
of Rhaetian origin?

Palla, Palanius, Palinius
> mons palatinus (Roman hill) [lrp 57]

palmithe "Palamêdês" [az96]
"nervous, fright" [az96]

palpe cognomen [az96, [mc91: 99]
"drumming, speckling" [az96]
see Latin Balbus "stammerer" [az96, mc91: 99]

panalaS unknown [g/lb83 110]

paniathe "(piece) of cloth" [az96]
see Latin pannus "garment" [az96]

panza "fold" [az96]
see penta-sila [az96]

papa "grandfather, ancestor, forefather" [az96, g/lb83, pa, dep]
"uncle?" [am91]
papacs, papacS, papals, papals-er "grandson" [mc91, mp68]
< "nourished" [az96]
papals "of the grandfather, grandson" [g/lb83, pa]
see Latin pappus [az96, g/lb83]
see Latin pater "father" [dep]
see English father [dep]
see Sanskrit pitar "father" [dep]
see Armenian hayr "father" [dep]
see Old Irish athir "father" [dep]
see Greek pêter "father" [dep]

papa "one who strikes, beats, shakes" [az96]
papathi, papthiai (plural) "shaking, quaking" [az96]
paphane "beating" [az96]
papui "shaking, groping" [az96]
< *phMph-, *phph- [az96]

papasa name "pacifier, nourisher" [az96]
see Latined Pabasa, Pabassa, Papirius [az96: 25]

papna, papniu "dinner, food, pap" [az96]
see Latin pappa [az96]

papni family name [g/lb83 81]
< papa "grandfather" [g/lb83 81]

paprsina family name [mc91: 146]

par, parnix, parxis term dealing with social or administrative conditions [mp68]
"attribute of a magistracy, with equal rights, peer" [dep, pa]
see magistracies zilc parxis, zilath parxis [mp68]
see Latin par, paris "equal, suitable" [pa, mp68]

par "by, for" [az96]
see Latin per "by, for" [az96]

par "separately" [az96]

parci "federation" [az96]
< *perk- "to tighten" [az96]

parla "type of drinking vessel" [mp68, pa, dep]
see patna, parliu [mp68]
see Latin patera "saucer, shallow dish", patella "dish, plate" [mp68]

parliu, Parilia, Palilia "ancient Latin festival" [az96: 392]
parnix "boy?" [az96]

parti-nipe, partha-napaes "inclinato a distruggere" [az96]

partunu, partunus male family name [g/lb83 16, 85: 145, mc91: 127, gm97]

patacs "(which) pacifies, nourishes" [az96]

patna "type of drinking vessel" [g/lb83, mp68, pa, dep]
see Greek patáne [g/lb83, mp68]
see Latin patera "saucer, shallow dish", patella "dish, plate" [g/lb83, mp68]

patna, patu "one who raggiunge, colpisce" [az96]

patrucle "Patroclus" [g/lb83]

pava "Tages" [az96]
"boy, young man" [am91]

pavina "blow, attainment" [az96]

paxa "Bacchus, Dionysus" [g/lb83]
paxana "Bacchic" [am91, g/lb83 81, pa]
"paganal, rustic, (song)" [az96]
paxanati "rustic" [az96]
paxathur, paxathuras "Bacchante, maenad, of the rustics" [am91, az96, g/lb83, mp68]
paxie "Bacchic"; family name [g/lb83 81, pa, mc91: 143]
pacusnasie, pacusnaSie, pacuSnasie "Bacchic, Dionysiac" [g/lb83]
"fixation, determination" [az96]
see Latin paganalis "paganale" [az96]
see Latin paganorum, pagorum "rustic, of the pagans, from the countryside" [az96, g/lb83, mp68]

paziathe family name [g/lb83 88]

pazu"kneader, dough, pasta?" [az96]
< *pasta [az96]
see Romance pasta "dough" [rmcc]

pecse "Pegasus" [g/lb83]

peisna "emollient" [az96]

peithia, peithnai "languid, peering in, glancing" [az96]
see Latin paeta "with a slight cast in the eye" [az96]

pelearas ""Disgrace-Bringer?" [az96]

peleis, pelis "Pêleús" [az96]
"bad (cattivo)?" [az96]

pelias "Pelías, commando, destroyer?" [az96]

peltrum Latin [bm 24-25]
of Rhaetian origin?

pemphetru "temptor" [az96]

pen "vistim" < "stricken" [az96]

penezs "in possession?" [az96]

pentasila, pantasila "Penthesíleia" [az96]
"(who) falls unconcious" [az96]

penthe "incline, accondiscendente" [az96]

penthuna, penthna "cippus, stone" [g/lb83, mp68, pa, dep]
"to compensate, pay, expiate" [az96]

penzna "expanse, exposition" [az96]

pepna "cooking" [az96]
see Oscan popina "kitchen"

percena, percna "closely bound, allied" [az96]

peris "passage, footbridge" [az96]

Perperna Latin name of Etruscan origin [lrp 57]

perpri "examining" [az96]
perpru "examiner" [az96]
< *bhRb- < *gwRgw- [az96]
see Latin probandus "examining" [az96]
see Latin probator "examiner" [az96]

perse, pherse "Perseús" [g/lb83, mc91: 48, g/lb83]
"horrid, bristling" [az96]
< *khwer- [az96]

persie "wand, cane, small stick" [az96]
"poker" [am91]
see Latin persillum [az96]

persna "Perugia (town)"
see Latin Perusia [djh 14, g/lb83 16]

pesna male name [g/lb85: 161]

pesna, pestu "batterer, striker" [az96]

peteci, petic-, petinate, petnace "sought, seeking" [az96]
< *pet- [az96]
see Latin petax, petens "sought, seeking" [az96]

pethna "one who falls, picks up" [az96]

pethun, pethn "Chance (god)" [az96]
petna "chance, event" [az96]

petr- "stone, stony" [az96]
see Greek, Latin petra "stone" [az96]
of non Indo-European origin [cw]

petruni family name [g/lb83: 83, mp68: 371]
see Latin Petronia, Petronius [g/lb83: 83, mp68: 371]

pevax "impulsor, one who beats, stimulates" [az96]

pi, -pi, pul "at, in, for, by, through, with" [g/lb83, mcv 9 Feb 99, mp68]
see epl [mp68]
< *-bhi [az96]

piana "one who sacrifices" [az96]
picas, picas-ri "to offer, sacrifice" [az96, mp68]
see acas [mp68]
pius, "dutiful, devoted, pious" Italic [cw 51, rc 197]
of Etruscan origin?
see Latin piare "to sacrifice, expiate" [az96]
see Latin piator "sacrificer, expiator" [az96]

pila "pillar" [rc 196]
Latin of Etruscan origin?

pinies family name [gm97]

piprtu "one who beats, strikes" [az96]

pisisce "triturator, mince" [az96]

pithe, pethe family name [mc91: 95]

pithe, pitai, pitamn- "rich, solid" [az96]

Piso Latin name of Etruscan origin [lrp 57]

pitiave preterite verb form [az 19 Jul 99]

plancure "beating" [az96]
see Latin plangere "to beat" [az96]

plaute, plute family name [az96: 23, g/lb83 26]
"implorer, prayer" [az96: 23]
pluti "prayer, request"
plavi "crying, praying" [az96]
< *plauti [az96]
see Latin Plautus "flat-footed" [g/lb83 58; de Simone cit. az96: 23]
see Latin fleo, flevi, plôro [az96]

plikaSnas male name [g/lb83 28]

plumbum "lead" Latin via Etruscan[cw 52, lrp 57, rc 199]
see Greek molubdos, mólibdos, mólibos "lead, heavy" [cw 52, lrp 57, rc 199]
of Tyrrhenian origin?

pômum, "apple" Latin [cw 52]
of Etruscan origin?

poples Latin from Etruscan [mp68: 369]

populus, "people" [bm 24, cw 52, rc 200]
Latin noun of Etruscan origin [bm 24, cw 52, rc 200]

Porsenna, Porsina family name [lrp 57]

prastna family name [g/lb85: 159]

preale male spectator at borth of Minerva [g/lb83]
"brilliant"
< *bregh, *breg, *brig [az96]

precu "brilliant, vibrant" [az96]

presente, presnte, preSnts male name, cognomen (male) [g/lb83 26/59, mc91: 130]
see Latin Praesentia, Praesens, praesentes, praesentis "ready, present, resolute" [g/lb83 26/59, mc91: 130]

prezu cognomen [g/lb85: 122, mc91: 101]

pricesa "moved, aigitated" [az96]

pritha "blade, saw?" [az96]

priumne "brilliant, sparkling, glittering, Príamos" [az96]

prumathe "Promêtheús" [g/lb83 67]

prumath, prumts, prumath-S, prumste "great-grandson" [am91, g/lb83 89, mp68, pa, dep]
probably a compound, pru-mat- [dep]
see Latin prônepôs "great-grandson" [g/lb83 89, mp68]
see Doric Promâtheús [mc91: 44]
see Breton map "son" [dep]
see Irish mac "son" [dep]
see Gothic magus "boy" [dep]

prute cognomen [az96, mc91]
"bush, stump, log" > "fool?" [az96]
see Latin Brutus "stocky" [mc91: 99]
see Latin frutex "shrub, bush" [az96]

pruthseri "to sprout, grow" [az96]

prux, pruxum, prux-S, pruxs "jug" [g/lb83, mcv, gzb]
pruxum "pitcher, ewer" [dep, pa]
see variant prucuna [mp68]
see Greek próxous, prókhûs type of vessel [g/lb83, mcv, pa, dep]
see Greek prókhûs, [pa, dep]
see Latin broccus, brocca [pa]

pSl "to find, stumble upon?" [az96]
see ipa [am91]

pûbês "pubic hair" Latin [cw 53, rc 201]
"adult, grown-up" [cw 53, rc 201]
see Latin pûber, pûbûs "adult" [cw 53, rc 201]
of Etruscan origin?

puce, pucna "pugnacious, fight, fighter, boxer" [az96]
see Latin pugilus "boxer" [az96]

pufa "to cook" > "to decompose, make rot" [az96]

pui, puia, pulia, puiian, pui-l "woman, wife" [az96, cb, EB XXII:801, g/lb83, mc91, v, pa, dep, gm97]
see Nostr. *Poj/`/V "young" [ag 79]
puil "spouse" [az96]
see Greek òpuíô, opuien "to take as wife" [mc91: 83, dep]
puia ame "spouse (coniux)" [az96]

puina, pvinei ¿? [g/lb85: 89]

pul, epl "until" [g/lb83 87]

pul "at, through" [dep]
see Latin per "through" [dep]
see Sanskrit pari [dep]
see Avestan pairi [dep]
see Greek peri [dep]
see Breton er [dep]
see Lithuanian per [dep]
see Gothic fair- [dep]

pul "beautiful" [az96]
base of pulum? [az96]
pulpai, pulpa "shining, splendid" [az96]
pultuce, pultuxe "Pollux, Poludeúkês" [g/lb83, mc91: 45]
"light-bearing, Lucifer (morning star)" [az96]
pulum "shining, splendid" [az96]
pulumxva "stars, star-count" [g/lb83, ib 90, mcv 8 Nov 96, mp 68/75, pa, dep]
(that which) shines, firmament" [az96]
see pulcher "beautiful" Latin of Etruscan origin [az96. EB XXII:647]
see Latin splendor [rmcc]

pul, pulum "then, and then" [am91]

pulenas family name [g/lb83 70]

pulfna "support, (which) sustains, frame, scaffold" [az96]
< *bhLghw- [az96]

pulthisph youth present at embrace of Turan and Adonis [g/lb83]

pultu "struck, beaten" [az96]

puluctre "(which) articulates" [az96]

pulunza "little door" [am91]
see Greek pulôn [am91]

pumpli family name [mc91: 139]

pumpna < pumpuna family name [mc91:96]
pumpu male name [mc91:96]
pumpu family name [g/lb83 16]
male name [mc91: 91]
"guide, companion" [az96]

punicum port of Caere [mp68: 180]

pupai-, pupara "child, eye?" [az96]
pupie "occular" [az96]
see Latin pupilla "orphan, ward" [az96]

Pupinia tribe; Latin of Etruscan origin [lrp 48]

pupli, puplie male name [g/lb83 57, gm97, mc91: 96]
see Latin Publius [g/lb83 57, mc91: 96]

puplina < *pupliena, *pupliana family name [az96, mc91]
"youth, seed, lineage" [az96]
< puplie male name [mc91:96];
see Latin populus "people, town" [az96: 23]

puratum, purapum unknown? [mc91: 146]

pure "progeny, brood" [az96]

purni "shaggy garment, stuffing" [az96]
see Latin burra "shaggy garment, stuffing" [az96]

purth, purt-, pruth, puruthn, purat, puratum, purth-ne, eprthne "magistrate, magistracy, dictator?" [am91, g/lb83, pa, dep]
purth "army" [az96]
epurth-cvua, "relating to the purth" [g/lb83 81, mc91: 78, mp68]
epr-thieva, eprth-nev, eprthnevc "head magistracy" [g/lb83 81, mc91: 78, mp68]
purthvnce, phurthce "to serve as purth" [g/lb83 81, mc91: 78, mp68]
purtsvavcte "in the magistracy" [mc91: 141]
"pertaining to the army?" [az96]
purtSvana, purthsvana, purthSvavcti "head of the army, dictator" [az96, g/lb83 81, mc91: 78, mp68]
see Greek prútaris, prótaris, brútaris "pritane (title of magistrate)" [mc91: 83, mcv, mp68: 227]
see Gothic frauja "lord" [dep]
see Greek protos "first" [dep]
see Indo-European *per-hw "what is before" [dep]

purthce "has procured" [az96: 24]
purthne "(which) prepares, provides" [az96]

puruthn "of grain" [az96]

purze, purzena family name [am91]
see Latinized Porsenna [am91]
see Greek Pursós [am91]

pustmina family name [g/lb83 75, 85: 106]
see Latin Postumio [g/lb83 75, 85: 106]

put-, puth-, puth-s, put-e, putiza "drinking vessel, well, fountain" [am91, dep, pa]
putlum "goblet" [gm97]
putlumza "vasetto" [am91]
putina "small bottle, flask" [az96]
putere, puteres-s [az96]
see Latin poculum "cup, beaker" [gm97]
see Latin potare "to drink" [dep]
see Latin pôtus "a drink", puteus "a well", puteal "fence of a well" [g/lb83, mp68]
see Latin puteum "well" [pa]
see Greek potamos "river" [dep]
see Greek potêr "type of drinking vessel, vaso" [mp68]
see Hittite pasi "to drink" [dep]
see Russian pit' "to drink" [dep]
see Breton evan "to drink" [dep]
see Indo-European *pehw- "to drink" [dep]

putace "spoiled, putrid, rotten" [az96]

pute "to think, prune" [az96]
see Latin putare "to think, prune" [az96]

puterescia, puterSia "relating to a messenger?" [az96]

putes "to compensate?" [az96]
putiza "compenso, contracambio" [az96]
puzne, puznu "to (re)pay, compensate? (preterite?)" [az96]

puthce "ordered, announced, communicated, invited, offered" [az96]
puts, puths "to announce, communicate, order, invite, offer" [az96]

putna "efficacy" [az96]
see Latin potentia "power, authority" [az96]

Pyrgi "the Towers" [g/lb83 17]
see Greek Púrgoi "towers" [g/lb83 17]
port city of Cerveteri [g/lb83 17]
calque of turs- "tower, Etruscan"? [rmcc]



This page represents the opinion of the author
and does not reflect the policies of the Mississippi University for Women.

The compilers thank Adolfo Zavaroni for his generous assistance and objectivity.
We thank Gabriela Mc Callister-Castillo for her research assistance.
We thank G. Bruce Cobbold for his inspiration.

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but this document may not be used any commercial purposes.
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Cite the original sources in any publications.
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