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Etruscan Glossary sm/SM-sx/SX

Compilation and translations from French, Italian and Latin
by Rick Mc Callister and Silvia Mc Callister-Castillo ©1999


Note: s and S represent distinct phonemes
s represents unvoiced dorsal /s/
S may represent unvoiced affricate /sh/ or apical /S/
spelling conventions varied and are not always consistent
therefore use of s and S may represent variant spellings of the same word
or may distinguish unrelated words


smeltha "tight, narrow" [az96]

sminthe "wretched, diminuitive" [az96]
see Smintheus [rmcc]

smucinthiu "censer, incense burner" [am91]

snaus "turn, course" [az96]
snua "to turn (over)" [az96]
snuiaf "run, turn" [az96]
snute "one who turns (to), runs" [az96]
snutuph "occurance, luck" < "something that comes one's way" [az96]

snanaziulas "connections, plots" [az96]

snenath, Snenath "maid, companion (fem.)" [mp68, pa, dep]
"Parca" [az96]
"spun" > "destiny" [az96]
sneanth turans "Turan's maid" [g/lb83]

snuiaph "ritual driving of the nails, rites?" [g/lb83 56]
"great-er" (-aph = comparative)? [mcv 8 Nov 96]

snuza "result" [az96]
< *snutia "result" [az96]

Sora place name [lrp 57]

spanti, spati, Spanti "plate" [mc91]
"type of dish, vessel" [dep, pa, mcv?]
spanza diminutive of spanti "plate"[gzb]
see Umbrian spanti "type of dish" [mcv?]
see Latin patella "dish, plate" [gzb]

spantu "male family name" [gm97, mc91: 127]
spantui female family name [gm97, mc91: 127]
"spansus" [az96]

spedo, spitu family name [g/lb83 58]

spelana "infringement?" [az96]
see Latin scelus "crime, scoundrel" [az96]

spelthi "to kill" [az96]
spelthuta "truncated, chopped" > "dead" [az96]

speras "hope, prospects" [az96]
see Latin spex, sperare "hope, to hope" [az96]

spet, Spet "to drink" [pa, dep]
spet- spetri "sacred act", "to pour, taste a libation?" [az91]
see Latin bibere "to drink" [dep]
see Sanskrit pibati "to drink" [dep]
see Albanese pi "to drink" [dep]
see Old Irish ibim (I drink) [dep]
see Prussian poieiti "to drink" [dep]

spet- spetri "sacred act", "libare?" [az91]
"to observe" [az96]
spiu "observer, spy" [az96]
< *speh-t- [az96]
see Greek spéndô [mp68]

spirare "to breathe" Latin [rc 229]
of Etruscan origin?

spitu, spitus male name [g/lb83 84]
family name [mc91: 133]

spulare epithet used with Artemis [g/lb85: 157]
spula, spulare "make splendid, honor?" [az96]

spur "remains" [az96]

spur-, Spur-, "city, citizenry" [am91, az96, cb, EB XXII:801, g/lb83, lb 90, mp 68/75, v]
spur-ethi "city, citizenry" locative [az96, cb, EB XXII:801, g/lb83, lb 90, mp 68/75, v]
spur-eri, Spur-eri
"city, citizenry" indirect object [az96, cb, EB XXII:801, g/lb83, lb 90, mp 68/75, v]
"for towns" [gm97]
Spur-es-treS
"city, citizenry" [az96, cb, EB XXII:801, g/lb83, lb 90, mp 68/75, v]
spura "community" [mc91]
spural, Spural "of the city, citizenry" [az96, mc91: 63, mp68]
Spurana, spurana, spureni, Spureni "pertaining to the city" [g/lb83 81]
"civic, citizen" [az96, mc91: 63, pa, dep]
"citizenry" [am91]
spura "footprint" [az96]
spure "beaten path" [az96]
spuriaze, spuriazes, Spuriaze "public" [mp68, pa, dep]
"trampled" > "beaten" > "pavement" > "vestibule" [az96]
spurie, Spurie male name [mc91: 96]
spurina family name; famous Etruscan haruspex [az96]
"vestigator" [az96]
< *spuriena [az96]
spuriza "bastard" < "dispreciated" [az96, lrp 48, 57, nv 73]
spurius "son of an unknown father" [az96, lrp 48, 57, nv 73]
see Latin spurcus "impure" [rmcc]
see Latin Spurinna [g/lb 85: 47, 106; lrp 48, mc91:96]
see Latin Spurius [g/lb83]
spur-, Spur "city" [pa. dep]
"village, community" [gzb]
see Sanskrit pur "wall" [dep]
see Greek Spartê "city" [dep]
Lydian see Sparda "city" [dep]

spurina family name; famous Etruscan haruspex [az96]
"vestigator" [az96]
< *spuriena [az96]
spurta "investigated" [az96]

Squlina "Sculina (personal name)" [mc91: 108]
squria "Scuria (female name)" [mc91: 114]
squrie male name [mc91: 114]

sran "to shout" [az96]

sren, Sran "design, ornament, figure" [az96, cb, v, g/lb83, mp68, pa, dep]
srencva, Srencve, Srenxve "decorated, figured, adorned" [mp68, pa, dep]
"incision" > "haruspex" [az96]
Srentve "decorated, adorned" [gzb]

subulo "flute" Latin of Etruscan origin [gm97]

staile "stable, in good condition" [az96]

stas "assistent, supporter" [az96]

steprni "one who tramples" [az96]

stilus "pen" Latin via Etruscan, originally Greek [g/lb 85: 83]

streta "placed, ready" [az96]

streta "exercised, instructed, army?" [az96]

stultnei "Sedilia" [az96]
"(she) of the seat, bench" [az96]

stvi "tiller" > "guide" [az96]

suazu "sodality, brotherhood, way of life?" [az96]

subarra Latin of Etruscan origin [lrp 57]
Subura "Etruscan quarter of Rome", [lb 90, mp 75]
see Sybaris (Greek city) [htb]

Suci, Sucic, sucix "piece, part" [az96]
Sucn- "piece, part?" [az96]
Sucri "dividing, cutting" [az96]
Sucu, Sucisna- "(which) smashes, piece?" [az96]
Suxu "part" [az96]
< *stuk [az96]

Sucix firin "pars hostilis (of divinatory liver)" [az96]

sucri "one must declare" [mp68: 413]
sucri thezaric "must be made and immolated" [g/lb85: 171]

sul, sulxva [sing.], sulsle [plural] "watch, observation" [az96]
sulunia "observer (fem.)" [az96]

sun- "dangerous, hurt" [az96]

suplu "flautist" [az: 418, g/lb83, lrp 48, mc91: 67, mp68, rah 59]
"whistler, piper, flautist" [pa, dep]
see Latin sûbulô, sûbina "flautist" (acc. Varro) [az: 418, g/lb83, lrp 48, mc91: 67, mp68, rah 59, gm97]
see Latin sufflare "to blow" [pa]

Supri, supri "amazing" [az96]
see Lat. stupendus "amazing" [az96]
(-ri gerundive morph.) [az 29 Mar 99]

Sure "branch, stake" [az96]
Sure, Suri demon [mp68: 407]
Suri "god of luck, affixer, reinforcer" [az96]
Surisice "assured, affixed" [az96]
< *stôr- < *staur- "reinforce"
see Lat. sûrus "branch, stake", restauro "restore" [az96: 17, 29 Mar 99]

Surina "Orvieto (town)" [djh 14]
Orvierto < Urbs Vetus "old town" [djh 14]
see Latin Surrîna [djh 14]

Surna "(of the) peg, support, rod" [az96]
surnu "peg, stalk, rod" [az96]
see Latin sûrus "branch, stake" [az96]

Surte "luck" [az96]
see Italian sorte "luck" [az96]

Surve "firm" [az96]

Sutana "consolidation, support" [az96]
suth-, Suth-, sut-, St-, Suth-ce, sut-anaS "to stay, place, put"
"support" [az96]
Suti, suthi, Suthi, SuthiS possessive "construction, place, seat, tomb, site, burial" [am91, az96, cb, v, g/lb83, mc91: 64, mp68, pa, dep]
Suthil, Suthina, sutna, Sutna
"funerary, of the tomb" [mp68, mc91]
burial object, burial gift" [az96, g/lb83]
"sepulchral, pertaining to the tomb" [pa, dep]
"funerary" [am91]
suthi-th, Suthi-th, suthithi, Suthi-ti locative "construction, place, seat, tomb, burial" [az96, cb, v, g/lb83, mc91: 64, mp68]
Suthu, suthil, suthuv-r plural "construction, place, seat, tomb, burial" [az96, cb, v, g/lb83, mc91: 64, mp68]
Suthu "sepulchral" [az96]
Suza "of support, construction" adjective [az96]
< *Suthia "of support, construction" [az96]
see Sat-, sath-, Sath- [g/lb83, mp68]
< *Sut, *Suth < *studh- [az96]
Suth, suth-, sut- "to stay, to place" [dep, pa]
see English sit [dep]
see Lithuanian sedeti "to sit" [dep]
see Breton azezan "to sit" [dep]
see Gothic sitan "to sit" [dep]
see Sanskrit sidati "to sit" [dep]
see Greek hizo "I sit" [dep]

suth "sheep" [az96]

suthce "fermented" [az96]

Suthri "Sutri (town)" [g/lb83, djh 14]
Suthrina family name based on place name [mp68: 229]
see Latin Sutrium [g/lb83, djh 14]

sutu "bothersome" [az96]

suvlu "scion, boy" > "child?" [az96]

-sva "his, her(s), (ones) own?" [az96]
sve "likewise" [g/lb83 87]
"(ones) own, his, her(s), their(s)" [az96]
svea, svenia "custom, habitual" [az96]
see Italian suo, suoi "his, her(s), their, ones own?" [az96]

sval, sval-as, sval-asi, sval-th-as, saval-, saval-thas, sval-en "to live, alive" [g/lb83, lb 90, mc91, mp 75, pa, dep]
"alive, sibi?" [az96]
svalas, svalasi "for life" [mp68: 228]
svalce "s/he lived" [g/lb83, lb 90, mc91, mp 75, pa]
svaltha "alive" [mc91]
svel-, Svel-, Svel-eri, Svel-S-treS "to be alive" [mp68]
see Latin valeo "I am well, I am strong" [dep]
see Old Baltic veliji "great"[dep]
see English swell [dep]
see Indo-European swal-, wal- "to be strong, to be big" [dep]

svasi "urged, persuaded" [az96]
see Latin suasit "urged, persuaded" [az96]

Sveama, Suana "Sovana (town)" [g/lb83, djh 14]
see Latin Suana [g/lb83, djh 14]
sveamax "from Sovana" [g/lb85: 161]

svec "voice, proclamation" [az96]
svekuntina "resounding" [az96]
svexnax "invocation?" [az96]

svel "to defer, slow down, delay" [az96]
sveleri "defering, slowing down, delaying (gerund)" [az96]
Svel < *swel "to extinguish, calm" [az96: 17]

sxuinia "observation" [az96]



This page represents the opinion of the author
and does not reflect the policies of the Mississippi University for Women.

The compilers thank Adolfo Zavaroni for his generous assistance and objectivity.
We thank Gabriela Mc Callister-Castillo for her research assistance.
We thank G. Bruce Cobbold for his inspiration.

This compilation is copyrighted.
Feel free to make copies for personal use
but this document may not be used any commercial purposes.
Be sure to check all entries against sources for accuracy.
Cite the original sources in any publications.
Please advice us of any typographical or translation errors.

Comments
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rmccalli@muw.edu