Etruscan Glossary TM-TV

Compilation and translations from French, Italian and Latin
by Rick Mc Callister and Silvia Mc Callister-Castillo ©1999

tmase "building" [az96]
tmia, timia "temple, sacred place" [az96, lb 299, mcv 8 Nov 96, g/lb83, mp68: 407, pa, dep]
"offer, offering" [am91]
"enclosure" [mc91: 73]
tmial "of the temple" [mcv 8 Nov 96]
see tam [dep]
see Greek tmé:dên, tmé:tikós [am91]
see Latin templum "temple" [mp68]

-tnam "and, also (suffix)" [mp68: 400, pa, dep]
"tendency (suffix)" [az96]
see etnam [g/lb83, pa, dep]
emphatic conjunction [mp68: 400]
see Umbrian inumek [mp68: 400]
see Latin item, etiam "also" [mp68: 400]

tnuc "detain, make an obstacle" [az96]

tolonio Etruscan family name [g/lb83 20]
see Latin Tolumnius [g/lb83 20]

-tra "toward" [az96]
see Latin trans "across, beyond" [rmcc]

trav, trau "ratify with an act of faith" [az96]
travzi "worthy of faith, to accreditation" [az96]

-tre "beyond" [az96]
see Italian oltre "beyond" [az96]

treplat-, trepu "architect, builder of houses and wooden structures, carpenter" [az96: 25]
trepuni cognomen "architect, builder" [az96: 25]
< *treb, *trep [az96: 25]
see Latinized Treboni, Trepu, Treponias, Treponias [az96: 25]

-tres "against" < "across" [az96]

trin, trin-th, trin-th-aSa "to invoke, plead, pray, supplicate" [g/lb83, mp68, pa, dep, gzb]
"to shout" [az96]
trinethi "shouted" [az96]
trinthasa "shouting (past)" [az96]

tritun "Triton" < "Mugghiante" [az96]

triumphus "triumph" Latin via Etruscan [rah 59, EB XXII:647]
see Greek thríambos [pa]

Trossuli Roman equitês century, of Etruscan origin [lrp 48]

truia "circle, circus" > "world, orbs, the beyond" [az96]

truia "Troy" [g/lb83]
truials "Trojan" [g/lb83]

*truna, *thruna "power, command, sovereignty, rule, government" [mp68, pa, dep]
see turan "lady" [mp68]
Greek gloss droúna (Hesykhios) [mp68]
see Greek túrannos "tyrant" [mp68]

trut, truth, trut-ana-Sa "sacred act" [mp68, pa, dep]
"libation" [g/lb83]
"to investigate" [az96]
trutnvt frontac, trutvecie "fulguriator" [mp68]
trutnvt frontac "fulgurantes (lightning readers)" [djh 88]
trutnuth, trutnut, trutnvt "priest, oracle, fulguriator" [g/lb83, mp68, pa, dep]

trutvecia "push out, drive out" [az96]
see Latin trûdere, trûsere "push out, drive out" [az96]

tuder "Todi (town)" [g/lb83 26]

tul "to divide, assign" [az96]
act associated with religion [mp68: 409]
< *dvel [az96]

tul, tular, tularu "limit(s), border, lot, boundaries" [am91, ag 79, az96, mc91: 146/150, mcv, mp68, v, g/lb83, pa]
"established" [lb 299]
tul "to divide, share, assign" [az96]
act associated with religion [mp68: 409]
"stone, border" [dep]
"stone" [ag 79, g/lb83]
tulalu "divider" [az96]
tulerase "enclosure?" [az91?]
tupi "stone" [pa]
see Umbrian Tuter "Todi (town)" [mc91: 148]
see Greek thoúle, Latin Thule northernmost land in ancient times [pa]
see Nostratic *tulGa "peak" [Dolgopol'skij 1972 cit. ag 79]

tularia family name [mc91: 148]

tuler, tulera month name [az96]

tumu cognomen [g/lb85: 104]
"beater" [az96]

tunt "to hit, run into" [az96]

tuntle "Tundáreus" [az96]
"one who lights" [az96]

tunur "one at a time" [g/lb83]

tunur "ramparts?" [az96]

tupi "fatigue" [am91]
see Greek túpos, tupê [am91]
see Old Indian tupati [am91]

tur "the robust one" > "bull, ox" [az96]
< *taur- [az96]
tura "robust, solid (fem.)" > "cow, heifer" [az96]
tura, ture "to reinforce, swell, make firm" [az96]
ture "cows" [az96]
< *turai [az96]
see Latin taurus "bull" [az96]

tur-, tur-a, tur-e, tur-i, tur-u, tur-une, "to give, dedicate" [am91, cb, v, g/lb83, mc91, pa, dep]
turan "given" [am91]
turu "donator, giver" [az96]
"dedicated" [mc91]
tur-u-ce, tur-un-ke, tur-i-ce, tur-ce, tiurke "s/he gave (it), given, s/he dedicated" [am91, az96, cb, v, g/lb83, mc91, lb 299, mcv, pa]
tur-une "cession, yielding' [mp68: 405]
"gave" [az96]
turuce "s/he dedicated" [pa]
turza "offer" [pa, dep]
see Latin dare, donum "to give, gift" [lb 90, mp68/75, pa, dep]
see Greek dôron "gift" [pa, dep]
see Russian dat' "to give" [dep]
see Sanskrit danam "gift" [dep]
see Armenian tur "gift" [dep]
see Old Slavic daru "gift" [dep]

tur, tura "incense" [g/lb83 90]
see Latin tûr, tûris "incense" [g/lb83 90]
see Greek thúos [g/lb83 90]

turan "Aphrodite, Venus" [cb, djh 95, g/lb83, mc91: 53, EM]
patroness of Vulci [EM]
"lady, mistress" [lb 90, mp 75]
"(godess of) love, worship" [az96]
turanuve, turannuve "lovable, venerable" [az96]
see tur "to give" [Morandi cit. am91]
see Greek túrannos "tyrant" [mc91: 83]

turane "July" [pa, dep]
*traneus "July" Latinized form [pa]

turi "to turn, spin" [az96]
turia "Turô" [az96]
"(goddess of) turning" [az96]

turms, turmS "Hermes, Mercury" [az 96, cb, djh 95, g/lb83, mc91: 53, EM]
guides the dead to the underworld [EM]
"Agitation, Trepidation, Turbulence"
turmuca "trepidating" [az96]
turpsi "turbulent" [az96]
see Latin turba "mob, confusion" [az96]

tursikina (cognomen) "Etruscan" [g/lb85: 104]

turve "upheaval, disturbance" [az96]

turza, turza-i, turza-is "offering" [g/lb83, mp68]

turza "viscera" < "plait, weave" [az96]

tus, tuS, tuS-thi, tuS-ur-thi (plural) "funerary niche, repository" [g/lb83, lb 90, mp 75, pa, dep]
"joined" [az96]
tusti, tusthi, tusurthi "joined, yoked" [az96]
tuSuvas, tuSthuveS, tusurthir "in the double urn, i.e. married couple" [g/lb83, lb 90, mp 75]

tuscana, tuscna "Tuscania (town)" [g/lb83]
see Latin Tuscâna [g/lb83]
see Latin Etrûria < *Etrûs-ia; [g/lb85: 59]
see Latin tuscus < *turs-cos (Latin); [g/lb85: 59]
see Umbrian tuscom < turkum [g/lb85: 59]
see Greek Tyrs-ênoi; [g/lb85: 59]
see Greek tûrsis, [g/lb85: 59]
Latin turris "tower" [g/lb85: 59]

tusiu, tusnu "swollen, jammed, rich, smug, excited" [az96]
< *tew-s [az96]

tusna Turan's swan [g/lb83]
"fullness, lushness" [az96]

tusnitina, tusnutie "Crassianus?" [az96]

tuSnutn, tuSnutnie "glory" [g/lb83 110]

tute male name, family name [mc91: 78/139]
"Picciatore, Tudeús" [az96]

tuthace "(has) obliged" [az96]
tuthina "legate, bound, obliged" [az96]
tuthines tlenaxeis"vow, undertaking" [az96]
tuthiu "(one who) undertakes, devotee" [az96]
tutin "to vow, promise, be obligated" [az96]
tutu, tut "endeavor, promise" [az96]

tuthi, tuti- "community, state" [mp68, pa, dep]
tutin, tutim, tuthun, tuthiu, tuthin, tuthina-, tuthineS, tudhina-"of the state, public" [mp68, g/lb83, pa, dep]
see Umbrian tota [g/lb83 91, mp68]
see Oscan tota [dep]
see Indo-European *teutâ "people, nation, land" [pa]

tutna family name [g/lb85: 104]
personal name [mc91: 102]
"striker, beater" [az96]

tutulus article of feminine attire [js]

tuxlac "continued, protracted" [az96]

tuxulxa demon with vulture's beak, donkey's ears and writhing snakes [g/lb83]
demoness of the underworld [EM]

tva "shows" [g/lb83 77]

tvami "Darkness (god)" [az96]

tvnth, tvnthle, tuntle "one who lights?" [az96]

This page represents the opinion of the author
and does not reflect the policies of the Mississippi University for Women.

The compilers thank Adolfo Zavaroni for his generous assistance and objectivity.
We thank Gabriela Mc Callister-Castillo for her research assistance.
We thank G. Bruce Cobbold for his inspiration.

This compilation is copyrighted.
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