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Etruscan Glossary AS-AZ

Compilation and translations from French, Italian and Latin
by Rick Mc Callister and Silvia Mc Callister-Castillo ©1999

-as, -aS past participle [mp68: 399]

-as, -aS < *-a-si genitive suffix for -a stem words [b/k 32, mcv 9 Apr 99]

-as, -s consonant stem genitive singular [b/k 32]

asate "wind, windy?" [az96]
ase "breath, wind, soul" [az96]
asi "inspiration, spirit, wind" [az96]
< *ans < *ant-s "breath, wind" [az96]

-asi < *-as-i- dative suffix for -a stem words [mcv 9 Apr 99]

asil "sacred establishment: base" [mp68]
derivative aSlax [mp68]
< *aZ- "ardor" [az96]
see Latin assis, asser "stake" [mp68]
see Latin ara "alter" [az96]

aska "arybalis for oil" [az96, g/lb83 91, mp68]
"leather container" [pa, dep]
see Greek askós "leather container" [pa, dep, az96, g/lb83 91, mp68]

askaita "incinerated" [az96]

aSler "ashes, bones?" [az96]

asom fer "bring the roasts" [az96]

ataine "eater, gnawer" [az96]
ataiun "Aktaíôn" [mc91: 45]
"bitten, biter?" [az96]
ate "mordant, biting" [az96]
< atei [az96]
ateri "one who is irritated" [az96]
< *at- [az96]

atale "family, of the same clan" [az96]
atalena, atalina "relatives, of the same clan" [az96]
atena "of the same father, family, clan" [az96]
athelis "familiar, of the family, beneficient" [az96]
athemeisca, athemeica "of the family" [az96]
*athumi "nobility" [g/lb83 81]
atlenta, atlnta, atalanta, athal "Atalántê" [g/lb85: 152, mc91]
"of birth, nobility, lineage" [az96]
athumic, athmic, athumit "noble" [g/lb83 81, lb 90, mp 75]
"family, of the family, beneficient" [az96]
< *ath- "lineage, family" [az96]

ate "encouraging, pressing" [az96]
atheneica "one who encourages, urges" [az96]
athinethi "to request, to urge" [az96]
athis "excitement" [az96]
athnu "one who urges" [az96]

atelina family name [g/lb83: 77, mc91: 116, pa]

atella place name [lrp 57]

atena Latin from Etruscan [mp68: 369]

ateri "parents, ancestors" [g/lb83 89]
"paternal" [lb 90, mp 75]
see Lat. patrius "paternal, native" [htb]

athre "building" [g/lb83, mp68]
"request, provocation?" [az96]
atranes "relating to 'building?" [g/lb83, mp68]
"of the temple" [lb 299]
atri, âtrium "atrium" [djh 61, lb 90, mp68/75]
athre "atrium, hall" [pa, dep]
see Latin atrium [g/lb83, mp68, dep]

athrpa "Atropos"
see Greek [az96, mc91]

ati, atiu, ativu, atis "mother," [az96, cb, EB XXII:801, g/lb83, lb 90, mc91, mp 68/75, v, pa, dep, gzb]
ati nacnuva, ati nacna, ati nacnva "grandmother" [g/lb83 89, mp68, pa]
"mater posteriatis, mater propinqua, grandmother" [az96]
atiial "of mother" [mcv 23 Jan 98]
atina "nurse" [az96]
atiuce "nourished, well fed" [az96]
atiuth "stepmother" [az96]
ativu, atiu "Mommy" [g/lb83 89]
"stepmother, nurse, wet nurse" [az96]
see Gothic athei "mother" [dep]
see Oscan aeda "father" [dep]
see Hittite attas "father" [dep]
see Old Irish aite "educator" [dep]
see Old Slavic otitshi "father" [dep]
see Albanese at "father" [dep]
see Indo-European *atta "father" [dep]

atie family name [mc91]

atmite "Admetus" [g/lb85: 145]

atoï "shepherd cabin" (Alpine < pre-Celtic) [b/b 126]
Tyrrhenian origin?

atrane- "concealment, hiding" [az96]
atrS, aturS "grave, sepulcher" [g/lb85: 161]
atrSce "hidden, plundered" [az96]
atrsr "to steam, be dark" [az96]
atrste "mournful" [az96]
see Latin Adrastus [az96]
see Latin âter "black, deadly" [az96]

atunes, atunis "Adonis" [g/lb83, mc91, EM]

aua "welfare" [az96]
ausaz "eager, desirous" [az96]
av "to desire" [az96]
aut "wealth, fortune" [az96]
autle "relative to destiny, weaver" [az96]
avcva "welfare, health" [az96]
ave "to be propitious, beneficient"
aveini "propitious" [az96]
avequ "favor, grant, greeting" [az96]
avhircina "occurance, happenstance" [az96]
avi "propitious" [az96]
avulni "favorable" [az96]
see Latin ave "farewell" [az96]
see Latin aveo "to be well, long for" [az96]

aucena (goddess drawn on a cistern cover)
see aukêlos [az96]

auclina family name [g/lb83 84]

aufle name [mc91]
"rocky" [az96]

aukêlos "aurora, dawn" [az96]
glossed by Hesykhios [az96]
see Greek augé "shining" [cit. az96: 418]

aula female name [mc91]
aule male name [gm97, pa]
auliu personal name (diminutive) [pa]
aulza personal name (diminutive) [pa]
see Latin Aulus [pa]

aum "poor, wretched" [az96]

aur "ear, hearer?" [az96]

aurina town [mp68: 192]

autu name [az96, lrp 48]
"weaver" [az96]
see Latin Autumnus [lrp 48]

avil "year" [cb, g/lb83, lb 90, mp 75, v, pa, dep, gzb]
"year(s)" [ag 79, mp68, rab 332]
"years; aged xxx years" [pa]
"per year" [mc91]
avils, avilS "years"
"years of age" [mc91]
avilxva, avilxval "anniversary, yearly" [g/lb83 56, mp68]
"to the year-count" [mcv 8 Nov 96]
avilxva "annual, yearly" [dep, pa]
< avil + adjectival suffix -xva [dep]
avil "year" [pa, dep, gzb]
avils "year, season" [gm97]
see Lemnian aviz [mp68: 99]
see Lemnian avis [, mp68]
see Gothic aiws "eternity" [dep]
see Latin aevus "time, eternity" [dep]
see Greek ayôn "lifetime" [dep]
see Albanese eshë "timespan" [dep]
see Old Irish aes "life, age" [dep]
see Indo-European *aiwon "lifetime" [dep]
see Nostratic *h.aju "to live" [ag 79]

avile, avle, aule, avele, avale
male name [g/lb83, mc91: 57, mp68: 371]
see Latin Aulus [g/lb83, mc91: 57, mp68: 371]

avthethaiu "correlation" [az96]

avula [az96]
see Latin avus "grandfather" [az96]

-ax ablative/genitive of origin [es 15 Jun 99]
see IE/Uralic/Basque *-k, -ko [es 15 Jun 99]
see Lydian -ak [es 15 Jun 99]
see Greek adjectives with -iakós, -akós [es 15 Jun 99]

axapri "friendly, lovable" [az96]
see Greek agapêteos, agapêtos [az96]

axaxun "stabbing or cutting god" [az96]

axile, axlae, axle, axale, axele "Achilles, " [g/lb83, mc91: 41, pa]
see Greek Akhilleos [g/lb83, mc91: 41, pa]
see Latin Achilleus [g/lb83, mc91: 41, pa]

axmenrun "Agamemnon" [g/lb83]

axratin-, axrati- name (written as genitive axratinalisa) [mc91: 128]
corresponds to Latin tribe name Pomptina but may be name of maternal grandfather [source?]
"from Acerra" [Rix, Pellegrini cit az96: 28]

axrum "Akhérôn" [g/lb83 67]

axu, axunie, acesia "healer, physician" [az96]
axunana "one who guards, keeps safe" [az96]
axvizr, axuvesr, axuvizr, axuviztr, acaviSer, axaviSur "Acaviser, deity associated with Turan, Achilles, Thetis & Alpan (sometimes male, somtimes female)" [es 15 Jun 99, g/lb83]
"healer" [az96]
< *yegw- [az96]

az conjunction [az96]
< *ast ? [az96]

az "to burn, sear?" [az96]

This page represents the opinion of the author
and does not reflect the policies of the Mississippi University for Women.

The compilers thank Adolfo Zavaroni for his generous assistance and objectivity.
We thank Gabriela Mc Callister-Castillo for her research assistance.
We thank G. Bruce Cobbold for his inspiration.

This compilation is copyrighted.
Feel free to make copies for personal use
but this document may not be used any commercial purposes.
Be sure to check all entries against sources for accuracy.
Cite the original sources in any publications.
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