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Etruscan Glossary CA-CE

Compilation and translations from French, Italian and Latin
by Rick Mc Callister and Silvia Mc Callister-Castillo ©1999



-c nominative ending [az96: 27]

-c, -k "and, as well" (enclitic) [az96, am91, mc91, mp68, mcv, dep, pa, gm97]
see Latin -que "and" [az96, mc91, mp68. pa, dep]
see IE *-kwe [mcv 9-2-99]
see Sanskrit -ca "and" [dep]
see Gothic -uh "and" [dep]
see Greek te "and" [dep]
see Gaulish -k "and" [dep]
see Venetian -ke "and" [dep]
see Hittite -ki "and" [dep]
see Armenian -kh "and" [dep]

ca, ka, cal, cla, cei, ceia "this" [az96. g/lb83, am91, mc91, mp68, pa, dep]
can, cen, cn, -can, -cn "this" demonstrative, enclitic, accusative [az96, g/lb83 76, lb/a 338, mc91, pa]
ces, cs, cS, -cas, -cS oblique demonstrative [az96]
-cla, -cle, -cleri determinative article suffix [mp68]
clth, clthi, calti "in this" [g/lb83 76, lb/a 338, mc91: 50]
see eca "this" [pa, dep]
see Latin ecce "that is" [dep]
see Hittite kas "this" [dep, mcv]
see Greek ekeinons "this" [dep]
see Nostratic *k.aE demonstrative pronoun [ag 79, b/k 32]

caca "earnings, merit" [az96]
cacei "one who attains, earns" [az96]
cacni "one who earns, artesan" [az96]
< *kag, keg "to obtain, earn, find" [az96]
see Lat. cerdo "artesan" [az96]

*cace, *cacla "servant?" [lrp 48]
cacula "soldier's servant" Latin [lrp 48]

caciu, caiu "one who hits, gets" [az96]

cacu "Cacus?" singer/seer served by Artile, ambushed by Caile and Avle Vipinas [g/lb83]
maybe connected to Cacus & Marsyas" [g/lb83]
"earnings, attainment, merit" [az96]

Cadonia Latinized name [az96: 25]

cae, cai "Caius, Gaius" [g/lb83. mc91, mp68: 233]
"happy" [az96]
< kavie [az96]
see Latin gaius, Italian gaio "happy" [az96]

Caecina Latin name of Etruscan origin [lrp 57]

caerimônia "awe, religious ceremony" Latin [lrp 48, rah 59]
< *caerimo [rah 59]
< Caere, Etruscan town? [lrp 48]

cafates, cahat- family name (male) [az96, mc91: 102, gm97, g/lb83]
cafati, cahati family name (feminine) [mc91: 102, gm97]
see Latin Cafatia, Cafatius [g/lb83 57]

caic- "to be blind" < "unwary, careless" [az96]

caile name [lrp 48]
see Latin mons Caelius (Roman hill) [lrp 48]

cainei family name [g/lb83 77]

caisriva, ceizra "radiant" [az96]
< keiz-, kez- < *kaith- "(one who) hits, beats" [az96]

caiti "happiness, being happy" [az96]

cal "inclined, uncertain" [az96]
cala "suspension, doubt, uncertainty" [az96]

calaie, calaina "Galane?" [az96, g/lb83]
nereid associated with Thetis" [g/lb83]
"bent, favor" [az96]

calanice "bent, one who helps" < "inclined" [az96]
see Greek Kallínîkos [az96]

cale clante "of Gaulish heritage" [az96]

caletra town [mp68: 192]

caliathe family name [g/lb85: 121]

calisna family name [mc91: 125]
"carpenter" [az96]

calu, calus infernal demon [mp68: 407]
god of death [az96]
"dark, darkness" [az96]
calusin, calusna "pertaining to Calu" [mp68]
"to darken, funereal" [az96]
calusna "dark" [az96]
calusur "funeral, funerary" [az96]
see Nostratic *kuEl'V 'to freeze; cold" [ag 79]

calxedn "on the Chalcidian" (Delphi Inscription) [dep]

camox "mountain goat" Latin [bm 24-25]
of Rhaetian origin?

campane "from Campania?" [az96]

camthi type of magistracy [g/lb83, mp68, pa, dep]
"low ranking official" [am91]
canth-, canth-e, canth-ce "action of camthi magistracy" [mp68]

camthi, kama "love, joy" [az/96]
camitlna, kamethlece "friend, beloved, dear" [az96]

cana "image" [g/lb85: 159, 186]
glossed by Hesykhios xanâ: "kósmêsis" [am91, g/lb85: 159, 186]
"work of art" [Pfiffig cit. g/lb85: 159]
"something beautiful" [az96, am91]
"beauty, happiness, gift, favor" [az96]

cantha, canataie, canatai "pleasant, pleasing" [az96]

canthce "censor" [g/lb83 80]
"support, sustain" [az96]
canthu "support" [az96]

canzate "(god) of clubs, sticks, forest, builder?" [az96]
< *kanthwate [az96]

canzna "green or grey eyed, shining" [az96]
see Latin caesius "green or grey eyed, shining" [az96]
see Latin caeruleus, caerulus "dark blue" [az96]

cap- "to take, to contain" [am91]
cape, capi, kape, kapi, cape-r, cape-ri "drinking vessel, container" [am91, g/lb83, mp68, pa, dep, mc91: 118]
"to obtain, grasp" [az96]
kape "grasper, conqueror (name of a divinity or person)" [az96]
ei kape "don't take" [am91]
caper, caprni, caperxva "receipt, success?" [az96]
caperi (gerund of cape) "to get, grab" [az96]
caperxva "containing (adj.)" [mp68]
capi, qapi "to grasp, take" [mc91: 118]
"fortune, success" [az96]
caplthu
"to grasp, capture, receive" [az96]
capra "container, urn, funeral urn" [am91, g/lb83, mp68. mc91, dep]
< *ghebh [az96]
see Greek kámptra "box" [g/lb83, mp68]
see Latin capiô, capis, capere "to contain" [g/lb83, mp68]
see Latin captare"to get, grab, hunt" [az96]
see Greek gápos "carriage" [g/lb83, mp68]

capeva, capua, capue "Capua (town)" [g/lb83, djh 14 mc91: 142]
capevane, capuane, capuan "from Capua" [az96, mc91: 142]
see Latin Capua, Capuanus [az96, mc91: 142, g/lb83, djh 14 mc91: 142]

capne name [mc91: 50]
see Greek Kapaneús [mc91: 50]

cappa "cap, hat, chapel, cape, etc." [b/b 128]
Tyrrhenian origin?

*capr-, *capre "April" [g/lb83, mp68, pa, dep]
see Latinized Cabreas [g/lb83, mp68]

capt- "expert" [az96]
< *kat-, *kath- < **khweth- [az96]

*capu, *capus "falcon, hawk" [g/lb83, mp68, pa, dep]
Greek gloss kápus [g/lb83, mp68]
see Old English hafoc "hawk" [sag, dep]
see Germanic *capoc [dep]

capue
"Capua (town)" [pa]
see Greek Kapaneús, Latin Capua [pa]

capzna, capsna "one who undertakes, entrusts" [az96]

car, kar-a, car-u, car-es-ri, cer, cer-en, cer-ine, car-ixu, "make, build" [g/lb83, lb 90, mp 68/75, pa, dep]
"to build, take care of" [am91]
cerixu "(had) built" [am91, g/lb83 69, lb 90, mc91, mp 68/75]
"to set, prepare" [az96]
cer-ixun-ce, cer-xun-ce "built, made" [am91, g/lb83, lb 90, mc91, mp 68/75]
see carathsle, cerur [g/lb83, lb 90, mp 68/75]
see Latin creare "create" [dep]
see Sanskrit karoti (he does) [dep]

cara "dear, beloved, "to be pleasant" [az96]
carathsle "dear (plural), family members" [az96]
carati "affection, esteem" [az96]
see Italian caro, cara "dear" [az96]
see Celtic cara "dear" [rmcc]

carcu, carcuna, carcna, carcusa, karke, karkana, karxvanie "guard, observer" [az96]
carcer "prison" Latin of Etruscan origin [rc 74]
see Latinized Gargossa [az96]
< *ghwRgw-/*gwRgw [az96]
see Greek brabús [az96]
see Latin arbiter [az96]
< *khwargw-itr "awake, excited" [az96]

cardo "north-south temple axis" [mp68: 250]
Pre-Latin from Etruscan? [mp68: 250]

caresri "to abstain" [mp68: 404, az96]

caru "to have/take part, invite" [az96]

caSni, cazni "sharp, cutting" [az96]

caSntra, caStra "Kassándra" [az96, g/lb83, mc91: 52]
"sharp" [az96]
< *khwas-t- < **khweth- [az96]

caspre "sharp" [az96]
caspu "crack, puncture" [az96]
< *chas- [az96]

castia "grayness" < "old age" [az96]

castur, casturu "Castor" [g/lb83]
"sharp" < "punisher?" [az96]
"one who afflicts" [az96]
see Latin Castor "Castor, beaver" [az96]

catena "chain" Latin of Etruscan origin [bm 24-25]

cath, cathin "to grasp, perceive" [az96]
catha "prisoner, capture, hunt, war" [az96]
catharnai "goddess of grasping, capture, hunting" [az96]
cathe "shrewd, intelligent, sly" [az96]
cathna "perception" [az96]
cathra, cathre "to capture" > "to touch, move" [az96]
cati, cathni, catni "examination, perception" [az96]

cath-, catha, cautha, catha "sun, sun god, Helios" [cb, g/lb83 71, mp68: 251, gzb, pa, dep, EM]
generally depicted as rising from the ocean [EM]
see cathnis , cathra , cathre [gzb]
see Gothic gud "god" [dep]
see English god [dep]

catmite "Ganymede" [az96, g/lb83]

Cato Latin name of Etruscan origin [lrp 57]

catrua "attainments, perceptions?" [az96]

catu "war" [az96]

caupô "merchant, tradesman" [cw 10, lrp 51, rc 74]
Latin of Etruscan origin? [cw 10, rc 74]
see Gk. kapelós < pre-IE [lrp 51]

cautam "millefolium (plant)" [az96]

cavatha, cautha, cavutha, kavtha deity [mp68: 407]
"burning, heat, god of heat" [az96]
caveth "burn (imperative)" [az96]

caz- < *kast- < *kwedh-t- "sharp, acute" [az 29 Mar 99]

cazi family name corresponding to Latin Cassius [pa]
"point, sharp" [az96]

-ce, -xe past tense suffix [az 17 Jun 99; mcv 9-2-99]
see Greek perfect in -ka [az 17 Jun 99; mcv 9-2-99]

ceanuth [az96]
see Greek kli:ne:? [az96]

cecu, cencu, cenquna, cicunia, cicunia, cincu- "one who binds, surrounds" > "group" [az96]

cehen, catica, cei-thi, cei-thim, cnticnth, icecin "this one here" [g/lb83, mp68]

cehen "to withdraw, abandon (imperative)" [az96]

cei "here, now, therefore" [az96]
locative of ca [az96]

ceice cognomen [mc91: 99]
ceicna, cecna, cencna family name [g/lb83 24, mc91: 45]
"precise, exact" < "round" [az96]
< kaikna [g/lb83 24, mc91: 45]
< *kenk/*kek/*kink/*kik [az96]
see Latin Caecina [g/lb83 24, mc91: 45]
see Latin caecus "blind" [mc91: 99]

ceisatru "one who cuts, butchers" [az96]
ceisu "piece, cut (of meat)" [az96]
< ceiz/cez- < *kaith- [az96]

ceisini family name [g/lb83 80]

ceisna "Cesena (town)" [g/lb83, djh 14]
see Latin Caesêna [g/lb83, djh 14]

ceizra, xaire, xeri, xaisrie, cisra "Cerveteri (town)" [az96, djh 14, g/lb83]
< Caere Vetus "ancient Caere" (Latin) [az96, djh 14, g/lb83]
see Greek Agylla [az96, djh 14, g/lb83]

cel deity of fate, or underworld of pars postica/pars hostilis [mp68: 251]
"cerere" [az96]
celsclan "Son of Cel (sun goddess)" [g/lb83]
cele "grown, large, tall" [az96]
celthi "augmentation, celebration" [az96]
celutule "grown, developed" [az96]
< *kel-, *kil- "to grow" [az96]

cel, celi, celu, celu-cn "cardinal point?" [mp68]

cela "room" [az96, g/lb83, mc91: 99]
see Latin cella "cell, room" [az96, g/lb83, mc91: 99]

Celeres equites century
Latin, of Etruscan origin [lrp 48]

celi "September" [g/lb83, mp68]
see Latinized Caelius, Celius [g/lb83, mp68]

celia, celi "honored, exalted, glorified?" > "sacrificed" > "killed" [az96]
celu priestly title [g/lb83, mp68]
"sacrificing" [az96]

celthi, calthi "in this" [g/lb85: 158]
locative of demonstrative [g/lb85: 158]

cemnax "completer, one who perfects, carries to perfection" (deity) [az96]

cemu- "burden, heavy" > "rozzo?" [az96]
cemul "heap, pile" [az96]

cen "gift, pleasing thing" [az96]
cena "to be pleasing" [az96]
cenecu "pleasing thing" > "gift" [az96]

cencu cognomen [mc91: 102]

centena "goose" [az96]

cenu "to concede, favor?" [az96]

cep-, cepen, cipen, cepen-e, cep-ta, cep-ar priestly title [g/lb83, mp68]
rector, president, head" [az96]
cepen cilthcva "rector of the haruspex (or fulminators) [az96]
cepen thaurx "funerary priest" [mp68: 264]
see Latin cupencus "priest of Hercules" [lrp 57]

cepta "attainment, merit?" [az96]

cêra "wax. writing tablet" Latin via Etruscan [g/lb85: 83]
from Greek [g/lb85: 83]

cerca name [mc91: 40]
see Greek Kíkra [mc91: 40]

ceren, cerence "to discern" [az96]
cerene "discerning" [az96]

cerine "built" [mc91: 137]
"image, vision" [az96]

ces-, ceS, ceS-u, ceS-eth-ce "to place, be place, rest, lie" [g/lb83]
cesasin "to cease, yield" [az96]
cese "to place or lie?" [az96]
cesethce, cina "(has) placed, laid, lain" [am91, az96]
cesu, ceSu "to lie, to be found, placed" [az96, g/lb83 84, mc91]
ceSu "one who indulges, puts off, delays" [az96]
ceSum "to be inert" [az96]
cetse "rest, cease";
< *ketsu [az96]
see Latin cesso "to stop, loiter" [az96 12]
< *cedso < *ceds- [az96 12]

cesi < ceisi name [mc91: 45]

cestna, xeste "sharp" [az96]
< *khwest- [az96]

cesu "piece, trunk" [az96]
< *khwest- [az96]

cesunia cognomen [mc91: 102]

Cethegus Latin name of Etruscan origin [pb 24-25]

ceus "family, companion" [az96]
ceusn "family, community" [az96]
< *kiw-is [az96]
see Latin civis "community, city" [rmcc]

cexa "above, over" [mc91]

cexa, cexe "sacred ceremony, rite, right, law: praetor" [g/lb83, lb 90, mp 68/75]
"reward" < "(one who) finds, gets" [az96]
cexane derivative of cexa, cexe [mp68]
"deserving" [az96]
cexaneri derivative of cexa, cexe [mp68]
see zilx cexaneri priestly office [mp68]
"commendable" [az96]
cexase "magistracy, priesthood" [g/lb83, lb 90, mp 68/75]
cexaneri
"magistracies, the priesthood" [g/lb83, lb 90, mp 68/75]
cexasiethur "belonging to the priesthood" [mp68]
"meritable" [az96]
cexinia "getting" [az96]
< *keg-, *kag- "getting" [az96]

cezp "eight" [am91, cb, g/lb83, mc91, mp68]
< ce, ci "three" + *zp "five? [er 1 Mar 99]
< hand?"
< *kez ? "sharp" [mcv 19 May 98]
cezpalx "eighty" [g/lb83, jf 141, mc91, mp68]
cezpz "eight times" [g/lb83 80, mc91]
see *c'ap.a, variant of Nostratic *dz'ap.a "to take in hands, to grasp, to gather" [ag 1978]

cezte "one who cuts, splits" [az96]



This page represents the opinion of the author
and does not reflect the policies of the Mississippi University for Women.

The compilers thank Adolfo Zavaroni for his generous assistance and objectivity.
We thank Gabriela Mc Callister-Castillo for her research assistance.
We thank G. Bruce Cobbold for his inspiration.

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