Etruscan Glossary G, K, Q

Compilation and translations from French, Italian and Latin
by Rick Mc Callister and Silvia Mc Callister-Castillo ©1999


Note: Etruscan did not have voiced stops, therefore G may be considered an alternate spelling of C or X or a Latinate pronunciation
K is an alternate spelling of C usually found before A
Q is an alternate spelling of C usually found before U


ganda "scree (slide of gravel down a hillside)" (pre-Celtic) [b/b 126, rah 53-54, lrp 57]
of Tyrrhenian origin?

*garra, *karra "stone, rocky ground, plant growing thereon," [rah 53-54]
Tyrrhenian?

gava, gave "watercourse" Latin, Romance [lrp 57, mp68: 372]
(pre-Celtic) (S. France, Iberia, Switzerland, Sardinia, N and C Italy) [b/b 126]
gavia "water bird" (pre-Celtic) [b/b 126]
Tyrrhenian origin?

genista "broom" Latin of Etruscan origin [lrp 48, bm 24-25]

gerere, gest- "to do, act, carry out" [rc 107]
Latin of Etruscan origin?

gigaro "arum italicum," Tuscan of Etruscan origin [bm 24-25]

Gracchus (Latin name of Etruscan origin) [pb 24-25]

grava "gravel" Alpine Romance, Friuli [bm 24-25, mp68: 370]
*grava "stone" Friuli [jr 50]
of Rhaetian origin?

groma Latin from Etruscan [mp68: 370]
see gró:mo:n [mp68: 370]

-k- "pronoun stem" [mcv]
see IE -k- "pronoun stem" [mcv]
see Nostratic #241 *ka: [Bomhardt/Kerns cit. mcv]

kacriqu "earnings" [az96]

kae personal name [mc91: 95]
see Latin Caius, Gaius [mc91: 95]

kaisie personal name [mc91: 66]

kal-, kar- "rock, rocky mountain" [es]
carra- non-IE toponym of Central Italy et al. [mp68: 372]
krap, klap "stone" Romansh and other Alpine Romance [jh 388, jr 87]
of Rhaetian or Tyrrhenian origin?
see Basque arri, harri "stone, rock" [es]
see Iberian toponym Calpe "under the rock" [es]
< kal-pe (-be, -pe "under, below, at the foot of" [es]
see Alpine German alb, alp, alpe, alm "alpine meadow (below the mountains) [es]

kalem "ready to fall, to lower oneself" [az96]

kama "love, joy" [az96]
kamu "kind, loving" [az96]

kansinai family name [fem.] [mc91: 58]

kapra "goat" [gm97]
glossed by Hesiod (error or loanword from Italic) [gm97]

*kar, *kar-kr-o [cw 10]
*kankro-
> [cw 10]
see Latin cancer "lattice" [cw 10]
see Latin carcer "prison" [cw 10]
of Etruscan origin?

karkana personal name [mc91: 72]

karthasie "Carthaginian" [pa]
karthazie male name [mc91: 49]
see Latin *Carthadius [mc91: 49]

kathuniia- deity [mc91: 143]

katiave preterite verb form [az 19 Jul 99]

kavie male name [mc91: 66]

kavisia "(one who) makes happy" [az96]

kisnee "if not?" [az96]

klumia "globe, croquette" [az96]

kottabos type of game [djh 61]

kraitile "credence?" [az96]
see Latin crdo "I believe", creditum "credit, belief" [az96]

kreina "sun" [az96]
kreinie "solar" [az96]

kros < *crodius "fruit pit," Romansh [jr 69]
of Rhaetian origin?

kulenie family name [g/lb83 84, mc91: 66]

kurou "dwarf" < "trunck?" [az96]

qaxu, cexa "attainment, merit" [az96]

qumethen "from Cumae" (accusative adjective) (Delphi Inscription) [dep]

quthefas "having taken revenge" (Delphi Inscription) [dep]

qutun, qutum "ewer, pitcher" [g/lb83, mc91, mcv, mp68, dep, pa]
see Greek kó:thôn "type of vessel, vaso" [g/lb83, mc91, mcv, mp68, dep, pa]



This page represents the opinion of the author
and does not reflect the policies of the Mississippi University for Women.

The compilers thank Adolfo Zavaroni for his generous assistance and objectivity.
We thank Gabriela Mc Callister-Castillo for her research assistance.
We thank G. Bruce Cobbold for his inspiration.

This compilation is copyrighted.
Feel free to make copies for personal use
but this document may not be used any commercial purposes.
Be sure to check all entries against sources for accuracy.
Cite the original sources in any publications.
Please advice us of any typographical or translation errors.

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